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Title:
NOVEL DIASTEREOMER SALTS OF PHENYLALANINE AND N-ACYL DERIVATIVES THEREOF AND PROCESS FOR THE SEPARATION OF OPTICALLY ACTIVE PHENYLALANINE AND N-ACYL DERIVATIVES THEREOF
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1985/003932
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The separation of optically active phenylalanine and N-acyl derivatives thereof and novel diastereomer salts of the said compounds. According to the invention a racemic compound of formula (I), is reacted with an optically active resolving agent of formula (II), in a polar solvent and/or a mixture of solvents comprising at least one apolar solvent and optionally an achiral acid or base, thereafter a) when using the D-isomer of the resolving agent of formula (II), the crystalline diastereomer salt formed with the L-isomer of the compound of formula (I) is separated, or b) when using the L-isomer of the resolving agent of formula (II), the crystalline diastereomer salt formed with the D-isomer of the compound of formula (I) is separated, and the enantiomers of the compound of formula (I) from the diastereomer salt or the mother liquor are liberated by the aid of an achiral acid or base and the optically active product is separated in crystalline form.

Inventors:
Acs
Mßria, Faigl
Ferenc, Fogassy
Elemér
Application Number:
PCT/HU1985/000012
Publication Date:
September 12, 1985
Filing Date:
March 01, 1985
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Alkaloida, Vegyészeti Gyar Acs
Mßria, Faigl
Ferenc, Fogassy
Elemér
International Classes:
C07B57/00; C07C; (IPC1-7): C07C101/08; C07C99/12; C07C103/30
Foreign References:
DD137580A5
FR2243170A1
Other References:
Chemische Berichte, edition 86, issued 1953 (Verlag Chemie, GMBH, Weinheim/Bergst.), W. Langenbeck et al. "Racematspaltung des d,1-Phenylalanins, d,1-Valins, d,1-Alanins uber ihre Ester" see pages 1524-1528.
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Claims:
What we claim is:
1. Process for the separation of the enan¬ tiomers of a racemic compound of the formula I HN R and/or the salts thereof, wherein R is hydrogen or acyl, preferably formyl or acetyl, which comprises reacting a racemic compound of the formula I and/or the salt thereof with an optically active resolving agent of the formula wherein " R is carboxy, amino or benzylamino group, is hydroxymethyl benzoyla ino, carbamoyl or benzoyloxycarboxymethyl, tha latter group being optionally substituted by an alkyl group on the benzene ring, R^ is alkyl, phenyl, phenylalkyl or benzoyloxy, the latter being optionally substituted by an alkyl group on the benzene ring, in a polar solvent and/or a mixture of solvents comprising at least one apolar solvent and optionally an achiral acid or base, thereafter a/ when using the Disomer of the resolving agent of the formula II, separating the crystalline diastereomer salt formed with the Lisomer of the compound of the formula I, or b/ when using the Lisomer of the resolving agent of the formula II , separating the crystalline diastereomer salt formed with the Dlsomer of the compound of the formula I , and « liberating the enantiomers of the compound of the formula I from the diastereomer salt or the mother liquor by the aid of an achiral acid or base and separating the optically active product in crystalline form.
2. A process as claimed in Claim 1 which comprises carrying out the formation of the diastereo¬ mer salt in the presence of a polar solvent, prefer¬ ably water, methanol, ethanol or a mixture thereof or in water and/or acetone, methyl ethyl ketone or a solvent mixture containing at least one aromatic hydrocarbon or halogenated hydrocarbon.
3. A process as claimed in Claim 1 or 2 which comprises fractionally liberating the enantiomers from the diastereomer salts, i.e. in more steps.
4. A process as claimed in any of Claims 1 to 3 which, comprises liberating the enantiomers from t e f11'crates of the salt formation steps in more steps.
5. A process as claimed in any of Claims 1 to 4 which comprises purifying the enantiomers pre¬ pared by resolvation or their salts formed with the achiral reagent by recrystallization.
6. A process as claimed in any of Claims 1 to 5 which comprises regenerating the resolving agents for repeated use.
7. LphenylalanineDNbenzoylphenylalanine salt.
8. DphenylalanineLNbenzoylphenylalanine salt.
9. 9,Dphenylalanine0,0dibenzoylLtartaric acid salt.
10. Dphenylalanine0, 0dip to luoylIi ta taric acid. salt.
11. LNformylphenylalanineD2benzylamino butanol salt.
12. LNacetylphenylalanylDphenylglycine amide salt.
Description:
NOVEL DIASTEREOMER SALTS OF PHENYLALANINE AND N-ACYL DERIVATIVES THEREOF AND ' PROCESS FOR THE SEPARATION OF OPTICALLY ACTIVE PHENYLALANINE AND N-ACYL DERIVATIVES

THEREOF

Technical field

.The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of the enantio ers of phenylalanine

o> - 0H - CH - COOΞ 2 I

NH 2

and of the N-acyl derivatives thereof by resolving the corresponding racemic compound. The resolvation is carried out by forming new diastereomer salts of the different enantiomers.

Optically active phenylalanine is an amino acid produced on large scale. For example, the L-isomer is used for the synthesis of Asparta (a dipeptide). In the course, of the procedures for preparing racemic phenylalanine,- the N-for yl or the N-acetyl derivative can be obtained directly in many cases, therefore the economic production of the phenylalanine enentiomers from the free amino acid or from the N-acyl derivatives thereof is of great importance from industrial point of view.

No procedure is known in the prior art for re¬ solving the racemate of the free acid. The phenylalanine enantiomers are prepared by using a phenylalanine derivative as starting material. It is reported that the phenylalanine alkyl esters can be resolved by an optically active acid (3elgian Patent Specification No. 795,87-+) and N-formyl-phenylalanine c.an be resolved by using optically active fenchilamine or by the aid of

phenyl ethylamine in water (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2__. J 0-951)), by brucine in methanol (Liebigs Ann. Chem. 557_ l(l90^) ■and by 2-amInobutanol In butanol as solvent (J. Am. Chem. Soc. 76, 2801 (195-)) • N-acetyl-phenylalanlne can be resolved by using

L-threo-2-amino-l j —nitrophenyl propanediol in a polar solvent (J. Prakt. Chem. 9, 104- (1959)) , by the aid of leucinamide In an alcoholic solvent (Agr. Biol. Chem. 26, 4-67 (1962)) and by using 2-(2,5-dimethylbenzylaminc)- butanol in water as solvent (US Patent Specification No. 4,151,198).

The above procedures have several disadvantages. They are quite expensive, toxic resolving agents have often to be used and the resolving agents are not always available in sufficient amount for industrial scale pro¬ duction. The yields are rather low and a product of appropriate purity c-an be obtained only after several recrystallization steps in many cases.

It was found that satis actory separation can be achieved when compounds of the formula

R 1 - CH - R 5

I II

wherein a Salt forming group containing a heteroato , a polar substituent comprising an oxygen atom and an apolar substituent are directly attached to the chirality centre are used as resolving agents.

Summary of the invention

The present invention relates to novel diastereomer salts of phenylalanine and N-acyl derivatives thereof of the formula

< > - CH 2 - CH - COOΞ

I

NH - R wherein R is hydrogen or acyl, preferably formyl or acetyl, formed with optically active resolving agents of the formula

wherein

R is carboxy, amino or benzylamino group, R 'is hy ' droxymethyl, benzoylamino, carbamoyl or benzoyloxy-carboxymethyl, the latter group being optionally substituted by an alkyl group on the benzene ring,

~ R? is alkyl, phenyl, phenylalkyl or benzoyloxy, the latter being optionally substituted* by an alkyl group on the benzene ring.

Another object of the present invention is a process for the separation of enantiomers of the compound of the formula I and/or salts thereof. According to the process of the invention the enantiomers of a racemic compound of the formula I and/or the salts thereof are reacted with an optically active resolving agent of the formula II in a polar solvent and/or a mixture of solvents comprising at least one apolar solvent and optically an achiral cid or base, thereafter a/ when using the D-isomer of the resolving agent of the formula II, separating the crystalline diastereomer salt formed with the L-isomer of the compound of the formula I, or b/ when using the L-isomer of the resolving agent

of the formula II, separating the crystalline diastereomer salt formed with the D-isomer of the compound of the • formula I, and liberating the enantiomers of the compound of the ormula I from the diastereomer salt or the mother liquor by the aid of an achiral acid or base and separating the optically active product in crystalline form.

Detailed description of the invention

In the formula II the salt-forming group contain¬ ing a heteroatom is represented by R , the polar substi-

2 tuent comprising an oxygen is represented by R , while the apolar substituent is represented by R^. Suitable alkyl groups which may be present in an optionally substituted benzoyloxy-carboxymethyl, benzoyloxy or phenylalkyl substituents include alkyl groups of 1 to 6 carbon atoms, preferably alkyl groups of 1 to 4- carbon atoms, more preferably methyl groups. In the definition of ~ Rr alkyl may represent an alkyl group having 1 to 6, preferably 1 to 4- carbon atoms, more preferably methyl or ethyl group.

As compounds of the .formula II most preferably the enantiomers of N-benzoyl phenylalanine, 0,0-dibenzoyl tartaric acid, 0,0-dl-p-toluoyl tartaric acid, 2-benzoyl- butanol or 2-phenylglycine amide can be used.

The diastereomer salts of the compounds of the formula I formed with the compounds of the formula II are novel compounds. The preferred novel compounds according to the invention are as follows:

L-phenylalanine-D-N-benzoyl-phenylalanine sal , D-phenylalanine-L-N-benzoyl-phenylalanine sal , D-phenylalanine-0,0-dibenzoyl-L- artaric aciά salt, D-phenylalanine-0,0-di-p-toluoyl-L-tar aric acid salt, L-N-formyl-pher-ylalanine-D-2-benzylaι * ιino butanol sal , L-N-acetyl-phe__^lalaιιyl-D-phenylglycine amide salt.

In the process of the invention racemic phenyl¬ alanine, racemic N-acyl-phenylalanine or the salts thereof can be used as starting materials. Suitable carboxylic acids from which an acyl group is derived include alkanoic acids having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, preferably having 1 to carbon atoms, more preferably formic or acetic acid. Suitable salts include salts formed with organic or inorganic acids or bases, pre¬ ferably with inorganic acids or bases, more preferably with hydrochloric acid, sodium or ammonium hydroxide. According to the invention the diastereomer salt bf the racemic compound of the formula I and the optically active compound of the formula II is prepared in the first step. The formation of the diastereomer salt is suitably carried out in a solvent or a solvent mixture. If phenylalanine is used as starting material, water and/or an alcohol and/or an aromatic or halogenated hydrocarbon is used as solvent. Suitable alcohols include the aliphatic alcohols, preferably aliphatic alcohols of 1 to 6 carbon atoms, more preferably methanol or ethanol. Suitable aromatic or halogenated hydrocarbons include e.g. benzene, toluene, chloroform or dichloro- ethane. If an N-acyl-derivative of phenylalanine is used as starting material, water and/or a water-miscible organic solvent can be used as solvent. Suitable water- miscible organic solvents include preferably polar organic solvents, more preferably acetone. The solvent used in the salt formation step optionally contains an achiral acid or base. Suitable achiral acids include organic or inorganic acids, pre¬ ferably strong inorganic acids, more preferably hydro¬ chloric, sulphuric or nitric acid. Suitable achiral bases include organic or inorganic bases, preferably

sodium or ammonium hydroxyde.

In the course of the salt formation one of the stereoisomers of phenylalanine or an N-acyl derivative t forms a crystalline diastereomer salt, v. r hile the other isomer remains in the solution In the form of a salt formed wit the resolving agent or with the achiral acid or base used as an additive. When the suitable ratio of the resolving agent to the achiral acid or base is chosen, almost quantitative separation can be achieved.

If desired, the diastereomer salts prepared according to the invention can be purified by re- crystallization. lo the diastereomer salts prepared according to the ' invention or to the mother liquors thereof a polar solvent or mixture of polar solvents, preferably v.-a er and/or alcohol thereafter an achiral acid or base -are added and the optically active phenylalanine, the salt or N-acyl derivative thereof- precipitates in crystalline form. The achiral acid or base and the alcohol may he the same as defined in the salt form¬ ation step.

If desired the resolving agent can be firstly recipitated from the solution of the diastereoner salt or from the mother liquor obtained after the filtration of the diastereomer salt. Then a precipitatire¬ ge , an acid or a base, corresponding to the chemical character cf the resolving agent is added to the solution and the optically active agent is precipitated from the mother liquor by adjusting the suitable p-H. The salt of the optically active compound can also be prepared ~ oγ simple distillation of the mother liquor obtained after precipitating the resolving agent ana thereafter by crystallization of the desired product.

The optical purity of the enantiomers of the compounds of the formula I obtained by decomposing the diastereomer salts and working up the filtrates of the salt forming reactions can be enhanced by fractionated, selective precipitation. Then the raw material is dissolved in the molar equivalent amount of a base or acid (chosen by considering the chemical character of the compound in question). The acids or bases listed hereinabove can be used in the process. An acid or base corresponding to the racemic compound content of the solution calculated from the optical activity of the raw material is added and the crystalline product having a composition similar to the racemic composition is filtered off. Adjusting the pH of the filtrate to the suitable value, the optically active phenylal nine or- the derivative thereof can be pre¬ cipitated.

When the isome s of the raw material or the salts thereof are purified by recrystallization, always the optically pure portion crystallizes from the solvent used.

The economy of our process is -increased by regenerating the resolving agents and recirculating the racemic compound of the formula I obtained in the purification step.

The process according to the invention is illustrated by the following, non-limiting examples.

Example I

6.6 g of racemic phenylalanine are boiled in a mixture of 4- ml of 5 M hydrochloric acid and 50 ml of water until the total amount of phenylalanine is dissolved. 5--+ g of D-N-benzoyl-phenylalanine in 20 ml of methanol are added to the hot solution under stirrine

and the solution is allowed to cool. The reaction mixture is stirred at room tempetature for 2 hours, then the crystalline L-phenylalanine-D-ΪT-benzoyl- phenylalanine salt is filtered off, washed with water and dried. The salt weights 8 g. M.p.: 175-176 °C. The salt is suspended in 30 ml of water, then 2.5 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid are added and the solution is stirred for one hour. The precipitated crystalline D-27-benzoyl-phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with water and dried. Its weigh -is 4,9 g. M.p.: 140-142 °C.

The filtrate obtained after the decomposition of the salt is- evaporated to the half of its original volume and the pH of the distillation residue thus ob- tained is adjusted to 6 by adding 5 K sodium hydroxide solution. After cooling vith ice for 1 hour the pre¬ cipitated L-phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with water and dried.. Weight: 2.6? g. Cccj jj = -35° (c =.1.3, water). To the mother liquor obtained upon filtrating the diastereomer salt C.5 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid are added and the solution is eva¬ porated to 20 ml volume in vacuo. The warm mixture is clari ied by charcoal and adjusted to pH 6 by adding sodium hydroxide solution. The precipitated D-phenyl- - alanine is filtered off, washed v/ith water and dried. The weight of the product is 3.2 g. [cc]= +32° (c=l, water).

Example 2

6.6 g of racemic phenylalanine are boiled in a mixture of 3.6 ml 6 M hydrochloric acid and 45 ml of water until the total amount of phenylalanine is dissolved. A mixture of 6 g L-ϊT-benzo l-phenylalanine and 20 ml of methanol are added under stirring. The solution is cooled and stirred for two hours at a

SUόSTϊTOTE SHEET

temperature of 10 °C. The crystalline D-phenylalanine- L-N-benzoyl-phenylalanine salt is filtered off, washed with water and dried. Its weight is 9 g«

The salt is suspended in 0 ml of water, then 5 3 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid are added. The precipitated L-N-benzoyl-phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with water and dried. Its weight amounts to 5-4 g. M.p.: 140-142 °C. The filtrate obtained in the course of the salt decompositon step is evaporated to dryness, 10 the residue is dissolved in 30 ml of methanol and the pH of the solution is adjusted to 6 by adding aqueous ammonia at 50 °C. The precipitated D-phenylalanine is filtered off after one hour of cooling, washed with methanol and dried. The weight of the product is 3-2 g.

! feJvr + 3° ° { Csl -> water).

. "' The mother liquor obtained in the salt de¬ composition step is evaporated to dryness in vacuo and the residue is worked up as described for the filtrate of the salt decomposition step. The L-p * henylalanine

20 precipitated is filtered off, washed " with methanol and dried. The weight of the product is 3-0 g. /c -rc'' -33-5 • (c*=l, water) .

Example 5

25

6.6 g of racemic phenylalanine are boiled in a mixture of 4 ml of JM hydrochloric acid and 50 ml of water until the total amount of phenylalanine is dis¬ solved, then 5 g of D-N-benzoyl-phenylalanine in 30 ml

' 30 methanol are added under stirring. The L-phenylalanine- D-N-benzoyl-phenylalanine salt precipitated ( g is filtered off and dried. The salt is suspended in 20 ml of water and 2.5 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid are added. The precipitated D-N-benzoyl-phenalalanine

35 (-+-3 g) is filtered off and dried.

The filtrate of the salt decomposition step is evaporated to dryness in vacuo, the residue is dis¬ solved in 20 ml of ethanol and the pH of the solution is adjusted to 6 by adding aqueous ammonia. The crys- talline L-phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with ethanol and dried. The weight of the product is 2.3 g. / _ - Q - -35° (c*l. water " ).

To the filtrate obtained in the salt formation step 1 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid is added and the solution is evaporated to dryness in vacuo. The residue is dissolved in 30 ml of ethanol and 2.5 ml of 5 M aqueous ammonia are added. The composition of the precipitated phenylalanine is similar to the racemic composition. This racemic phenylalanine (l.7 g) is filtered off and dried. 5L7 D - ÷** 0 (o-2, water). The pH of the filtrate Is adjusted to 6 by adding aqueous ammonia, the precipitated D-phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with ethanol and dried. 2.3 g of the product are obtained. /όc7- η * +34 (c-=l, water).

Example 4

82.5 g of racemic phenylalanine and 100.8 g of racemic phenylalanine hydrochloride are dissolved in 1350 ml of water and a hot solution of 148 g of D-N-benzoyl-phenylalanine in 750 ml of methanol is added. The mixture is seeded by L-phenylalanine crystals and cooled to room temperature under stirring for 5 hours. The precipitated L-phenylalanine-D-N-benzoyl- phenylalanine salt is filtered off, washed with a mixture of water and methanol and dried. 191 g of the diastereomer salt are obtained. This diastereomer salt can be decomposed as follows: a/ The wet salt is suspended in 750 ml of water, thereafter 100 ml of 10 M hydrochloric acid are added.

The precipitated D-N-benzoyl-phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with water and dried. Thus 124.6 g of re¬ solving agent are recovered.

The mother liquor obtained in the salt de- composition step is extracted with dichloroethane. The remaining aqueous phase is evaporated to 180 g, then 70 ml of 10 M hydrochloric acid are added to the solu¬ tion and the mixture is cooled to 0 °C. The precipitated L-phenylalanine hydrochloride is filtered off and dried. The weight of the product thus obtained is 76.2 g.

The filtrate obtained after precipitating the L-phenylalanine hydrochloride is evaporated to dryness in vacuo, washed with dichloroethane and dried. Thus a further amount of 1.8 g of L-phenylalanine hydrochloride are obtained.

The two fractionsof L-phenylalanine hydrochloride are combined, dissolved in a mixture of 600 ml of hot methanol and 60 ml of water and the pH of the solution is adjusted to 6.5 with aqueous ammonia. The pre- cipitated L-phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with methanol and dried. The weight of the product is 58 g- /όt D ' = -34° (c«2, water) .

. b/ The dry diastereomer salt is suspended in 350 ml of methanol and a molar equivalent of aqueous ammonia is added. The precipitated L-phenylalanine is filtered at 20 °C and washed with methanol. 61 g of product are obtained. /J*_7_~_ = -33° (c«2, water).

The mother liquor obtained after precipitating the L-phenylalanine is evaporated to 300 g, then 800 ml water and 80 ml of 12 -M hydrochloric acid are added.

The precipitated D-N-benzoyl-phenylalanine is filtered, washed with water ' and dried. 115 g of the resolving agent are recovered. c/ The dry diastereomer salt is suspended in 400 ml of water, neutralized by adding a molar equivalent

of aqueous ammonia. The then precipitated L-phenylalanine i dissolved by boiling the solution. The solution is clarified, filtered and cooled. The then precipitated L-phenylalanine is filtered at 10 °C, washed with methanol and dried. 4 g of product are obtained. /O_ Ώ - -34° (c=2, water).

The mother liquor is evaporated to 225 g, then 225 ml of methanol are added, the solution is cooled to 10 °C and the L-phenylalanine thus precipitated is filtered off. Thus a further amount of 10 g of the product are recovered. /oC-_7- = -32.5 C c= -*-.» water).

The resolving agent-can be recovered according to variant b/ of the salt decomposing step. The re¬ covered resolving agent weights 118 g. The mother liquor of the diastereomer salt formation step is evaporated to the half of its volume, then 20 ml of 12 M hydrochloric acid are added. The precipitated resolving agent is filtered off, washed with water and dried: Thus 23 g of D-N-benzoyl-phenyl- alanine are obtained. " • •

The filtrate is evaporated to 220 g, 100 ml of 10 M hydrochloric acid are added to the hot solution and the mixture is cooled to 0 °C. The precipitated D-phenylalanine-hydrochloride is filtered off and dried. 108.8 g of product are obtained.

Then the mother liquor is evaporated, the salt is washed with dichloroethane and dried. The weight of the D-phenylalanine hydrochloride thus obtained is 4 g.

Example 5

3-3 g of D-phenylalanine of 85 % optical purity are dissolved in a mixture of 15 ml of water and 2 ml of 5 M hydrochloric acid, then 0.4 ml of 5 sodium hydroxide solution are added to the mixture.

The composition of the precipitated phenylalanine is similar to the racemic compositon. This precipitate is filtered off and dried. 0.6 g of racemic phenyl¬ alanine are obtained. ^_7_^ - +7°( =2, water " ). The pH. of the filtrate is adjusted " to 6. ' 5, then the pre¬ cipitated D-phenylalanine is filtered at 0 °C and dried. The " weight of the product is 2.3 g. * * +34 c=l, water).

Examole 6

9-9 g of racemic phenylalanine are boiled in a mixture of 0 ml of water and 6 ml of 5 M hydrochloric acid until the total amount of phenylalanine is dis- solved and 11.3 g of O j O-dibenzoyl-L-tartaric acid monohydride dissolved in 30 ml methanol are added. The crystalline diastereomer salt is filtered at 5 C, washed with water and dried. 15-3 g of product are obtained. The salt is reacted with 50 ml of 12 % hydro- chloric acid, the precipitated resolving agent is filtered off, washed with water and dried. 10.6 g of product are obtained. M.p.: 89-91 °C.

The filtrate obtained in the course of the de¬ composition of the salt is evaporated to 20 ml and crystallized at 0 °C. The precipitated D-phenylalanine hydrochloride is filtered off and dried. " The weight of the product is 4.85 g 1 N hydro¬ chloric acid).

The remained mother liquor is evaporated to the half of its original volume and cooled with salted ice. The precipitated D-phenylalanine hydrochloride is filtered off and dried; 0.6 g of product are obtained. /^.7p = +3° (c=3, 1 N hydrochloric acid).

The mother liquor obtained in the course of the salt formation step is evaporated to 20 ml, the

hot solution is clarified and crystallized at 0 °C. The precipitated L-phenylalanine hydrochloride is filtered off and dried. 4.5 g of product are obtained. /β 7 D =- -7-7° (0=4, 1 N hydrochloric acid).

_The residual mother liquor is evaporated to dryness, the residue is washed with dichloroethane, washed, filtered and dried. 1.6 g of product are ob- tained. 1 N hydrochloric acid " ).

The amino acid enentiomers are obtained accord¬ ing to variant a/ of Example 4 from D-phenylalanine hydrochloride and L-phenylalanine hydrochloride.

Example 7

6.6 g of racemic phenylalanine are dissolved in a hot mixture of 70 ml of water and 4 ml of 5 M hydro¬ chloric acid, thereafter ' 7-7 g of 0,0-di-p-toluoyl-L- tartaric acid dissolved in 30 ml of ethanol are added. The procedure of Example 6 is followed. 10.3 g of the diastereomer salt and 3 * 1 g of D-phenyalanine hydro- chloride liberated from the said salt are obtained.

&J__ = +7-3° (c*3, 1 hydrochloric acid). 3.44 g of L-phenylalanine are obtained from the mother liquor. / LJ-Q = -7.1° (c=4, 1 N hydrochloric acid). 1.3 g of phenylalanine hydrochloride can be regenerated from the solutions obtained in the course of the working up of the salt and the mother liquor. /oc7-n = 0° (c=3, 1 hydrochloric acid) .

Example 8

371.3 g of racemic phenylalanine and 55-.1 g- of racemic phenylalanine hydrochloride are boiled in 6800 ml of water until the total amount of the solid components are dissolved. Then a -solution of 2500 ml of water and 846 g of 0,0-dibenzoyl-L-tartaric acid

monohydride is added. The solution is cooled to 25 C and the precipitated diastereomer salt is filtered off and washed with a mixture of methanol and water. The wet salt is dissolved in a hot mixture of 2500 ml of water and 2500 ml of methanol, then the salt is recrystallized and filtered at 0 °C. The wet salt is suspended in 2500 ml of water and 1150 ml of 10 M hydrochloric acid are added, then the precipitated resolving agent is recovered by filtration at 0 °C and dried. 645 g of this agent are obtained. M.p.: 88-90 °C. The filtrate obtained in the course of the de¬ composition of the salt is evaporated to 3000 ml, then 300 ml of dichloroethane are added to the residue and the phases are separated. The aqueous phase is eva- porated to 1C00 ml and the product is crystallized at 0 °C. The D-phenylalanine hydrochloride is filtered off and dried. 290 g of this salt are obtained. The product is dissolved in a mixture of 1650 ml of methanol and 235 ml of w^ter and the pH of the solution is adjusted to 6.5 by adding aqueous ammonia. The preci¬ pitated D-phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with methanol ' and dried. 220 g of product are obtained. /βc_g « +33-5° (c*2, water).

The mother liqour obtained in the course of the recrystallization of the diastereomer salt is evaporated to 800 ml and 375 ml of 10 M hydrochloric acid are added. The precipitated 0,0-dibenzoyl-L- tartaric acid is filtered and dried. 102 g of this acid are obtained. M.p.: 89-90 °C.

This filtrate and the. filtrate obtained during the diastereomer salt formation step are combined and evaporated to 500 ml. 300 ml of dichloroethane are added to the residue, the aqueous phase is combined with the solution obtained in the course of pre¬ cipitating D-phenylalanine hydrochloride and eva- porated to 1600 ml. The optically not pure L-phenyl-

alanine-hydrochloride is crystallized at 0 °C and filtered off. 690 g of this salt are obtained. The salt is dissolved in a mixture of 4000 ml of methanol and 500 ml of water and the pH of the solution thus obtained is adjusted to 6.5 by adding aqueous ammonia. The precipitated phenylalanine is filtered off and dried. 450 g of product are obtained. /cC_7-n -15° (c=2, water) .

Example 9

690 g of L-phenylalanine hydrochloride pre¬ pared according to Example 8 are recrystallized from 1400 ml of methanol. The precipitated L-phenylalanine hydrochloride is filtered off at 5 °C and dried. 680 g of this salt are obtained. DC7 D = -7-7° (c«3«5, 1 N hydrochloric acid). L-phenylalanine /ό_ 7τ_ * -33°, (c»2, water^7 is liberated according to Example 8 from this salt. The evaporation of the mother liquor obtained in the recrystallization step results in 700 g of phenylalanine hydrochloride. The composition of this salt is similar to the composition of the racemic mixture.

Example 10

A mixture of 19.3 g of racemic N-formyl- phenylalanine and 17•9 g of D-2-benzylamino-butanol is boiled in 100 ml of acetone until the solid components are dissolved, thereafter the solution is allowed to cool. 17-1 g of L-N-formyl-phenylalanine-D-2-benzyl- amino-butanol are obtained after crystallization for 24 hours, filtration at 0°C and drying.

To the diastereomer salt a mixture of 50 ml of water and 20 ml of 10 M hydrochloric acid is added. L-N-fbrmyl-phenylalanine is crystallized at 0 °C, the

precipitated product is filtered off, washed with water and dried. 8.5 g of the product are obtained. βcJ Q - = +62.3° (c=2, ethanol) .

The mother liquor obtained in the diastereomer salt forming step is evaporated to dryness, then a mixture of 30 ml of water and 20 ml of 10 M hydro¬ chloric acid is added to the residue. 9.5 g of D-N- formyl-phenylalanine crystallizesfrom the solution at 0 °C. Z-^_7 D = -58.1° (c=2, ethanol). The pH of the mixture of the hydrochloric solutions obtained in the course of the salt decom¬ position and th-e working up of the mother liquors is adjusted to 11 by adding 40 % sodium hydroxide solution, then this solution is cooled to 0 C. The precipitated D-2-benzylamino-butanol is filtered off, washed with water and resolving agent are obtained. ethanol).

Example 11

15.7 g of racemic N-acetyl-phenylalanine are si-ispended in 35 ml of water and the pH of this solu¬ tion is adjusted to 7 by adding aqueous ammonia. The mixture is heated until a clear solution is ob- tained, then 7.8 g of solid D-phenyl-glycine amide are added. The solution is cooled to 20 °C and kept at 0 °C for 12 hours. The formed L-N-acetyl-phenyl- alanyl-D-phenylglycine-amide salt is removed by filtration. The weight of this salt is 11.7 g. The decomposition of the diastereomer salt can be carried out as follows: a/ 10 g of diastereomer salt are suspended in 20 ml of water, then 2 ml of 5 M sodium hydroxide solution are added. The precipitated D-phenylglycine amide is filtered off, washed with water and dried.

The weiglrt of this amide is 3.6 g.

The mother liquor is acidified by 10 ml of 5 M hydrochloric acid, the precipitated L-N-acetyl- phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with water and dried. 5.4 g of product are obtained. _ X-_7 γ , = +43.2 c=l, ethanol) . b/ 10 g of diastereomer salt are stirred with 30 ml of 5 hydrochloric acid solution. The undis- solved L-N-acetyl-phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with water and dried. 5.2 g of product are obtained. Z--__7 τ) = + 42 (c=l, ethanol) .

The mother liquor obtained in the salt form¬ ation step is acidified by adding 5 ml of 10 M hydro¬ chloric aciϊ. The precipitated D-N-acetyl-phenylalanine is filtered off, washed with water and dried. 8.1 g of product are obtained. Z-*^./-- ) - "35.2 (c=l, ethanol.) . 8.1 g of D-N-acetyl-phenylalanine are suspended in 20 ml of water and the pH of the solution is ad¬ justed to 7 by adding aqueous ammonia. 2.3 ml of 5 M hydrochloric acid are added to the mixture thus ob¬ tained and the almost completely racemic precipitate is filtered off and dri _.ed. 2.3 g of the racemate are obtained. L^_J-__ ~ -3° (c=l, ethanol) . Thereafter 3 ml of 10 M hydrochloric acid are added to the filtrate and the precipitated D-N-acetyl-phenylalanine is filtered off , washed with water and dried. The weight of the product is 5.2 g ( ^ -^ <= -45° ( c=l„ ethanol) .