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Title:
METHODS OF INHIBITION WITH MICROBIAL STRAINS AND ANTIBIOTICS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/035137
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to direct-fed microbials for use in E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition in animals in combination with antibiotics. More particularly, the invention relates to isolated Bacillus strains 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and 126, and strains having all of the identifying characteristics of these strains, for a use comprising the above-mentioned use.

Inventors:
KING MICHAEL R (US)
SON SONA (US)
LEISTIKOW KYLE (US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2020/047390
Publication Date:
February 25, 2021
Filing Date:
August 21, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
MICROBIAL DISCOVERY GROUP LLC (US)
International Classes:
A23K10/18; A23K50/30; A23K50/60; A23K50/75
Domestic Patent References:
WO2019141815A12019-07-25
WO2019152791A12019-08-08
Foreign References:
US20170079308A12017-03-23
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BALL, Rebecca L. (US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A method of feeding an animal, the method comprising the step of administering to the animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

2. The method of claim 1 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a poultry species, a porcine species, a caprine species, a bovine species, an ovine species, an equine species, and a companion animal.

3. The method of claim 2 wherein the animal is a sow.

4. The method of claim 2 wherein the animal is a chicken.

5. The method of claim 2 wherein the animal is a porcine species and the porcine species is selected from the group consisting of a grow finish pig, a nursery pig, a sow, and a breeding stock pig.

6. The method of claim 1 wherein the Bacillus strain produces an enzyme selected from the group consisting of an a-galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a xylanase, a cellulase, and combinations thereof.

7. The method of claim 1 further comprising the step of administering to the animal another different bacterial strain selected from the group consisting of another Bacillus strain, a lactic acid bacterial strain, and combinations thereof.

8. The method of claim 1 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain

2 (NRRL No. B-67709).

9. The method of claim 1 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain

3 (NRRL No. B-67710).

10. The method of claim 1 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain

4 (NRRL No. B-67711).

11. The method of claim 1 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain

5 (NRRL No. B-67712).

12. The method of claim 1 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain

6 (NRRL No. B-67714).

13. The method of claim 1 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain

7 (NRRL No. B-67713).

14. The method of claim 1 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 103 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 5.0 x 1012 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

15. The method of claim 1 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 103 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 1.0 x 107 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

16. The method of claim 1 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose greater than about 7.0 x 104 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

17. The method of claim 1 further comprising the step of administering to the animal an enzyme selected from the group consisting of a galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, a phytase, and combinations thereof.

18. The method of claim 1 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during lactation.

19. The method of claim 1 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during gestation.

20. The method of claim 1 wherein the feed composition is administered daily to the animal.

21. The method of claim 1 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a chicken, a pig, a horse, a pony, a cow, a turkey, a goat, a sheep, a quail, a pheasant, an ostrich, a duck, a fish, a crustacean, and combinations thereof.

22. The method of claim 1 further comprising the step of administering an antibiotic wherein the antibiotic is selected from the group consisting of tylosin, tilmicosin, avilamycin, gentamycin, carbadox, tiamulin, and neomycin.

23. The method of claim 1 wherein the Bacillus strain has an effect selected from the group consisting of maintaining microbial balance in the gut of the animal, improving animal performance or health, maintaining gut health in the animal, reducing detrimental pathogens in the gut of the animal, odor reduction, reducing detrimental pathogens in the urine or feces of the animal, and preserving the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut of the animal.

24. The method of claim 1 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866).

25. The method of claim 1 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No. B-67870).

26. The method of claim 1 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867).

27. The method of claim 1 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868).

28. A commercial package comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

29. A feed additive for an animal feed comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

30. An additive for the drinking water of an animal comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

31. An animal feed composition comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-

67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

Description:
METHODS OF INHIBITION WITH MICROBIAL STRAINS AND ANTIBIOTICS

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims priority under 35 U.S.C. § 119(e) to U.S. Provisional Application Serial No. 62/890,267 filed on August 22, 2019, the disclosure of which is expressly incorporated by reference herein.

FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE

The invention relates to direct-fed microbials for use in E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition in animals in combination with antibiotics. More particularly, the invention relates to isolated Bacillus strains 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and 126 and strains having all of the identifying characteristics of these strains, for a use comprising the above-mentioned use.

BACKGROUND AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to direct-fed microbial (DFM) compositions and methods for E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition in an animal. An animal’s gastrointestinal tract is constantly challenged by large numbers of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa found in feed, bedding, and the environment. The gastrointestinal tract has a sophisticated system to counter these potential pathogens consisting of physical, chemical, and immunological lines of defense. Beneficial bacteria are an important part of this system because they provide animals with bacteria that assist in establishment (or reestablishment) of a normal bacterial profile, they strengthen the animal’s immune system, and they help to fight disease.

Antibiotic resistance is an increasingly important issue in human medicine, as well as in animal agriculture. The Food and Drug Administration reported that in 2016 the U.S. swine industry purchased about 6.9 million pounds of medically important antibiotics, which emphasizes the importance of preventing the development of antibiotic resistant organisms in the animal agricultural industry. Methods are being developed in an effort to combat antibiotic resistance, but little has been done to utilize synergistic direct-fed microbials (e.g., probiotics) as tools to combat antibiotic resistance.

Applicants have developed direct- fed microbials that result in E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition in animals in combination with antibiotics. The direct-fed microbials and antibiotics and compositions comprising the direct-fed microbials and antibiotics described herein offer a commercial benefit by providing E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition in animals, such as agricultural animals.

Methods are provided for inhibiting E. coli and/or Clostridium in animals. In various embodiments, the animal can be selected from the group consisting of a poultry species, a porcine species, a caprine species, a bovine species, an ovine species, an equine species, and a companion animal. In the embodiment where the animal is a poultry species, the poultry species can be selected from the group consisting of a broiler, a chicken, a layer, a breeder, a turkey, a turkey poult, a gosling, a duckling, a guineakeet, a pullet, a hen, a rooster, a cockerel, and a capon. In the embodiment where the animal is a porcine species, the porcine species can be selected from the group consisting of a grow finish pig, a nursery pig, a sow, and a breeding stock pig.

In one embodiment, a method of feeding an animal is provided. The method comprises the steps of administering to the animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof, and administering to the animal an antibiotic, wherein the Bacillus strain and the antibiotic cause E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition in the animal.

In another embodiment, a method of controlling a detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium is provided. The method comprises the steps of administering to an animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B- 67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B- 67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B- 67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B- 67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof, and administering an antibiotic to the animal, and controlling the detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium in the animal.

In yet another embodiment, a method of feeding an animal is provided. The method comprises the step of administering to the animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

The following clauses, and combinations thereof, provide various additional illustrative aspects of the invention described herein. The various embodiments described in any other section of this patent application, including the section titled “DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF ILLUSTRATIVE EMBODIMENTS” and the EXAMPLES are applicable to any of the following embodiments of the invention described in the numbered clauses below.

1. A method of feeding an animal, the method comprising the steps of administering to the animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof, and administering to the animal an antibiotic, wherein the Bacillus strain and the antibiotic cause E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition in the animal.

2. The method of clause 1 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a poultry species, a porcine species, a caprine species, a bovine species, an ovine species, an equine species, and a companion animal.

3. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 2 wherein the E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition prevents E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal.

4. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 2 wherein the E. coli and/or

Clostridium inhibition reduces E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal. 5. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 4 wherein the animal is a porcine species and the porcine species is selected from the group consisting of a grow finish pig, a nursery pig, a sow, and a breeding stock pig.

6. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 5 wherein the Bacillus strain produces an enzyme selected from the group consisting of an a-galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a xylanase, a cellulase, and combinations thereof.

7. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 6 further comprising the step of administering to the animal another different bacterial strain selected from the group consisting of another Bacillus strain, a lactic acid bacterial strain, and combinations thereof.

8. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709).

9. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710).

10. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711).

11. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712).

12. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714).

13. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713).

14. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 13 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 5.0 x 10 12 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

15. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 13 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 1.0 x 10 7 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

16. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 13 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose greater than about 7.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

17. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 16 further comprising the step of administering to the animal an enzyme selected from the group consisting of a galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, a phytase, and combinations thereof. 18. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 17 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during lactation.

19. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 17 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during gestation.

20. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 19 wherein the feed composition is administered daily to the animal.

21. The method of clause 1 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a chicken, a pig, a horse, a pony, a cow, a turkey, a goat, a sheep, a quail, a pheasant, an ostrich, a duck, a fish, a crustacean, and combinations thereof.

22. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 21 wherein the antibiotic is selected from the group consisting of tylosin, tilmicosin, avilamycin, gentamycin, carbadox, tiamulin, and neomycin.

23. A method of controlling a detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium, the method comprising the steps of administering to an animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof, and administering an antibiotic to the animal, and controlling the detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium in the animal.

24. The method of clause 23 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a poultry species, a porcine species, a caprine species, a bovine species, an ovine species, an equine species, and a companion animal. 25. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 24 wherein controlling the detrimental effect of the E. coli and/or Clostridium is inhibiting E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal.

26. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 24 wherein controlling the detrimental effect of the E. coli and/or Clostridium is reducing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal.

27. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 26 wherein the animal is a porcine species and the porcine species is selected from the group consisting of a grow finish pig, a nursery pig, a sow, and a breeding stock pig.

28. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 27 wherein the Bacillus strain produces an enzyme selected from the group consisting of an a-galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a xylanase, a cellulase, and combinations thereof.

29. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 28 further comprising the step of administering to the animal another different bacterial strain selected from the group consisting of another Bacillus strain, a lactic acid bacterial strain, and combinations thereof.

30. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709).

31. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710).

32. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711).

33. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712).

34. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714).

35. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713).

36. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 35 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 5.0 x 10 12 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

37. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 35 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 1.0 x 10 7 CFU/gram of the feed composition. 38. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 35 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose greater than about 7.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

39. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 38 further comprising the step of administering to the animal an enzyme selected from the group consisting of a galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, a phytase, and combinations thereof.

40. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 39 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during lactation.

41. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 39 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during gestation.

42. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 41 wherein the feed composition is administered daily to the animal.

43. The method of clause 23 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a chicken, a pig, a horse, a pony, a cow, a turkey, a goat, a sheep, a quail, a pheasant, an ostrich, a duck, a fish, a crustacean, and combinations thereof.

44. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 43 wherein the antibiotic is selected from the group consisting of tylosin, tilmicosin, avilamycin, gentamycin, carbadox, tiamulin, and neomycin.

45. A method of feeding an animal, the method comprising the step of administering to the animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-

67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

46. The method of clause 45 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a poultry species, a porcine species, a caprine species, a bovine species, an ovine species, an equine species, and a companion animal.

47. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 46 wherein the animal is a sow.

48. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 46 wherein the animal is a chicken.

49. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 48 wherein the animal is a porcine species and the porcine species is selected from the group consisting of a grow finish pig, a nursery pig, a sow, and a breeding stock pig.

50. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 49 wherein the Bacillus strain produces an enzyme selected from the group consisting of an a-galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a xylanase, a cellulase, and combinations thereof.

51. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 50 further comprising the step of administering to the animal another different bacterial strain selected from the group consisting of another Bacillus strain, a lactic acid bacterial strain, and combinations thereof.

52. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709).

53. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710).

54. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711).

55. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712).

56. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714).

57. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713).

58. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 57 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 5.0 x 10 12 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

59. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 57 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 1.0 x 10 7 CFU/gram of the feed composition. 60. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 57 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose greater than about 7.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

61. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 60 further comprising the step of administering to the animal an enzyme selected from the group consisting of a galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, a phytase, and combinations thereof.

62. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 61 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during lactation.

63. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 61 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during gestation.

64. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 63 wherein the feed composition is administered daily to the animal.

65. The method of clause 45 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a chicken, a pig, a horse, a pony, a cow, a turkey, a goat, a sheep, a quail, a pheasant, an ostrich, a duck, a fish, a crustacean, and combinations thereof.

66. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 65 further comprising the step of administering an antibiotic wherein the antibiotic is selected from the group consisting of tylosin, tilmicosin, avilamycin, gentamycin, carbadox, tiamulin, and neomycin.

67. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 66 wherein the Bacillus strain has an effect selected from the group consisting of maintaining microbial balance in the gut of the animal, improving animal performance or health, maintaining gut health in the animal, reducing detrimental pathogens in the gut of the animal, odor reduction, reducing detrimental pathogens in the urine or feces of the animal, and preserving the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut of the animal.

68. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7, 14 to 29, 36 to 51, or 58 to 67 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866).

69. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7, 14 to 29, 36 to 51, or 58 to 67 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No. B-67870).

70. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7, 14 to 29, 36 to 51, or 58 to 67 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867).

71. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7, 14 to 29, 36 to 51, or 58 to 67 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868).

72. A commercial package comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

73. A feed additive for an animal feed comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

74. An additive for the drinking water of an animal comprising an isolated

Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

75. An animal feed composition comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

76. The commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 72 to 75 wherein the Bacillus strain causes an effect selected from the group consisting of preventing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease, reducing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease, maintaining the microbial balance of the animal, and combinations thereof.

77. The commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 72 to 75, wherein the Bacillus strain reduces E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal.

78. The feed additive or additive for the drinking water of the animal of clause 73 or 74 in the form of a concentrate.

79. The feed additive or additive for the drinking water of the animal of clause 73 or 74 in the form of a superconcentrate.

80. The feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 73 to 79 in dry form.

81. The feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 73 to 80 in pelleted form.

82. The commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 72 to 79 wherein the strains are in a form selected from the group consisting of a powder, a pellet, a liquid, a liquid drench, a freeze-dried composition, a capsule, a top-dressing, a paste, and a gel.

83. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 82 further comprising a carrier for the Bacillus strains.

84. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 83 wherein the carrier is selected from the group consisting of a bran, rice hulls, a salt, mineral oil, a dextrin (e.g., maltodextrin), whey, sugar, sucrose, limestone, yeast culture, dried starch, sodium silico aluminate, silicon dioxide, polypropylene glycol, polysorbate 80, vegetable oil, and combinations thereof.

85. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 84 in a bag.

86. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 85 wherein the bag is a plastic bag.

87. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 86 further comprising instructions for use of one or more of the Bacillus strains.

88. The commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 72 to 87 in a 20-pound bag. 89. The commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 72 to 87 in a 50-pound bag.

90. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 89 in a container for commercial use.

91. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 90 wherein the container comprises plastic.

92. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 90 wherein the container comprises paper.

93. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 92 further comprising a binder.

94. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 93 wherein the binder is selected from the group consisting of clay, yeast cell wall components, aluminum silicate, and glucan, or combinations thereof.

95. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 94 further comprising an exogenously added nutrient component selected from the group consisting of a vitamin, an antibiotic, an enzyme, a water-soluble or water-insoluble monosaccharide, disaccharide, or polysaccharide, a fat, phosphorous, sodium bicarbonate, limestone, calcium, sodium, sulfur, magnesium, potassium, copper, iron, manganese, zinc, fish oil, raw seed, an antioxidant, and a starch.

96. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 95 wherein the exogenously added nutrient component is an enzyme and the enzyme is selected from the group consisting of a galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, a phytase, and combinations thereof.

97. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 96 wherein the Bacillus strains are selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL

No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

98. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 96 wherein the Bacillus strains are selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

99. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 96 wherein the Bacillus strains are selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), and combinations thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Figs. 1A and IB show percent inhibition values from 3 of 50 E. coli showing an improved inhibition response when Bacillus supernatant and Gentamicin & Neomycin are combined. Figs. 2A and 2B show percent inhibition values from 3 of 66 C. perfringens showing an improved inhibition response when Bacillus supernatant and Gentamicin & Neomycin are combined.

Figs. 3A and 3B show percent inhibition values from 3 of 64 E. coli showing an improved inhibition response when Bacillus supernatant and Tilmicosin are combined.

Figs. 4A and 4B show percent inhibition values from 3 of 68 E. coli showing an improved inhibition response when Bacillus supernatant and Tylosin are combined.

Figs. 5A and 5B show percent inhibition values from 3 of 32 E. coli showing an improved inhibition response when Bacillus supernatant and Avilamycin are combined.

Fig. 6 is a heat map of percent inhibition values from 24 of 280 pathogens showing an effective inhibition response when Bacillus supernatant and various antibiotics are combined.

Fig. 7 is a photograph displaying RAPD PCR profiles for Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B- 67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), and Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713).

FIGS. 8A-B show percent inhibition values from 3 of 31 E. coli isolates showing an improved inhibition response when Bacillus supernatant and Carbadox are combined.

FIG. 9 is a heat map of percent inhibition values from all 31 resistant E. coli showing an effective inhibition response when eight Bacillus supernatants are used in place of Mecadox™.

FIG. 10 shows percent inhibition values from 3 of 23 E. coli showing an improved inhibition response with Bacillus supernatant and Tiamulin compared to Tiamulin alone.

Fig. 11 is a photograph displaying RAPD PCR profiles for Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67709) and Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No. B-67710).

Fig. 12 is a photograph displaying RAPD PCR profiles for Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67709) and Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67710).

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF ILLUSTRATIVE EMBODIMENTS

Methods are provided for inhibiting E. coli and/or Clostridium in animals. In various embodiments, the animal can be selected from the group consisting of a poultry species, a porcine species, a caprine species, a bovine species, an ovine species, an equine species, and a companion animal. In the embodiment where the animal is a poultry species, the poultry species can be selected from the group consisting of a broiler, a chicken, a layer, a breeder, a turkey, a turkey poult, a gosling, a duckling, a guineakeet, a pullet, a hen, a rooster, a cockerel, and a capon. In the embodiment where the animal is a porcine species, the porcine species can be selected from the group consisting of a grow finish pig, a nursery pig, a sow, and a breeding stock pig.

In one embodiment, a method of feeding an animal is provided. The method comprises the steps of administering to the animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof, and administering to the animal an antibiotic, wherein the Bacillus strain and the antibiotic cause E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition in the animal.

In another embodiment, a method of controlling a detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium is provided. The method comprises the steps of administering to an animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-

67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-

67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-

67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-

67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof, and administering an antibiotic to the animal, and controlling the detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium in the animal.

In yet another embodiment, a method of feeding an animal is provided. The method comprises the step of administering to the animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

The following clauses, and combinations thereof, provide various additional illustrative aspects of the invention described herein. The various embodiments described in this section titled “DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF ILLUSTRATIVE EMBODIMENTS” are applicable to any of the following embodiments of the invention described in the numbered clauses below. 1. A method of feeding an animal, the method comprising the steps of administering to the animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof, and administering to the animal an antibiotic, wherein the Bacillus strain and the antibiotic cause E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition in the animal.

2. The method of clause 1 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a poultry species, a porcine species, a caprine species, a bovine species, an ovine species, an equine species, and a companion animal.

3. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 2 wherein the E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition prevents E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal.

4. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 2 wherein the E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition reduces E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal.

5. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 4 wherein the animal is a porcine species and the porcine species is selected from the group consisting of a grow finish pig, a nursery pig, a sow, and a breeding stock pig.

6. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 5 wherein the Bacillus strain produces an enzyme selected from the group consisting of an a-galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a xylanase, a cellulase, and combinations thereof. 7. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 6 further comprising the step of administering to the animal another different bacterial strain selected from the group consisting of another Bacillus strain, a lactic acid bacterial strain, and combinations thereof.

8. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709).

9. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710).

10. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711).

11. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712).

12. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714).

13. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713).

14. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 13 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 5.0 x 10 12 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

15. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 13 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 1.0 x 10 7 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

16. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 13 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose greater than about 7.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

17. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 16 further comprising the step of administering to the animal an enzyme selected from the group consisting of a galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, a phytase, and combinations thereof.

18. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 17 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during lactation.

19. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 17 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during gestation.

20. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 19 wherein the feed composition is administered daily to the animal. 21. The method of clause 1 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a chicken, a pig, a horse, a pony, a cow, a turkey, a goat, a sheep, a quail, a pheasant, an ostrich, a duck, a fish, a crustacean, and combinations thereof.

22. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 21 wherein the antibiotic is selected from the group consisting of tylosin, tilmicosin, avilamycin, gentamycin, carbadox, tiamulin, and neomycin.

23. A method of controlling a detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium, the method comprising the steps of administering to an animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof, and administering an antibiotic to the animal, and controlling the detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium in the animal.

24. The method of clause 23 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a poultry species, a porcine species, a caprine species, a bovine species, an ovine species, an equine species, and a companion animal.

25. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 24 wherein controlling the detrimental effect of the E. coli and/or Clostridium is inhibiting E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal.

26. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 24 wherein controlling the detrimental effect of the E. coli and/or Clostridium is reducing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal. 27. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 26 wherein the animal is a porcine species and the porcine species is selected from the group consisting of a grow finish pig, a nursery pig, a sow, and a breeding stock pig.

28. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 27 wherein the Bacillus strain produces an enzyme selected from the group consisting of an a-galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a xylanase, a cellulase, and combinations thereof.

29. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 28 further comprising the step of administering to the animal another different bacterial strain selected from the group consisting of another Bacillus strain, a lactic acid bacterial strain, and combinations thereof.

30. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709).

31. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710).

32. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711).

33. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712).

34. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714).

35. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 29 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713).

36. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 35 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 5.0 x 10 12 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

37. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 35 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 1.0 x 10 7 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

38. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 35 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose greater than about 7.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

39. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 38 further comprising the step of administering to the animal an enzyme selected from the group consisting of a galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, a phytase, and combinations thereof. 40. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 39 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during lactation.

41. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 39 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during gestation.

42. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 41 wherein the feed composition is administered daily to the animal.

43. The method of clause 23 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a chicken, a pig, a horse, a pony, a cow, a turkey, a goat, a sheep, a quail, a pheasant, an ostrich, a duck, a fish, a crustacean, and combinations thereof.

44. The method of any one of clauses 23 to 43 wherein the antibiotic is selected from the group consisting of tylosin, tilmicosin, avilamycin, gentamycin, carbadox, tiamulin, and neomycin.

45. A method of feeding an animal, the method comprising the step of administering to the animal a feed composition or drinking water comprising an effective amount of an additive comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

46. The method of clause 45 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a poultry species, a porcine species, a caprine species, a bovine species, an ovine species, an equine species, and a companion animal.

47. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 46 wherein the animal is a sow. 48. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 46 wherein the animal is a chicken.

49. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 48 wherein the animal is a porcine species and the porcine species is selected from the group consisting of a grow finish pig, a nursery pig, a sow, and a breeding stock pig.

50. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 49 wherein the Bacillus strain produces an enzyme selected from the group consisting of an a-galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a xylanase, a cellulase, and combinations thereof.

51. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 50 further comprising the step of administering to the animal another different bacterial strain selected from the group consisting of another Bacillus strain, a lactic acid bacterial strain, and combinations thereof.

52. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709).

53. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710).

54. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711).

55. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712).

56. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714).

57. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 51 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713).

58. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 57 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 5.0 x 10 12 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

59. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 57 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 1.0 x 10 7 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

60. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 57 wherein the Bacillus strain is administered in the feed composition at a dose greater than about 7.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition.

61. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 60 further comprising the step of administering to the animal an enzyme selected from the group consisting of a galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, a phytase, and combinations thereof.

62. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 61 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during lactation.

63. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 61 wherein the animal is a sow and the Bacillus strain is administered during gestation.

64. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 63 wherein the feed composition is administered daily to the animal.

65. The method of clause 45 wherein the animal is selected from the group consisting of a chicken, a pig, a horse, a pony, a cow, a turkey, a goat, a sheep, a quail, a pheasant, an ostrich, a duck, a fish, a crustacean, and combinations thereof.

66. The method of any one of clauses 45 to 65 further comprising the step of administering an antibiotic wherein the antibiotic is selected from the group consisting of tylosin, tilmicosin, avilamycin, gentamycin, carbadox, tiamulin, and neomycin.

67. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 66 wherein the Bacillus strain has an effect selected from the group consisting of maintaining microbial balance in the gut of the animal, improving animal performance or health, maintaining gut health in the animal, reducing detrimental pathogens in the gut of the animal, odor reduction, reducing detrimental pathogens in the urine or feces of the animal, and preserving the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut of the animal.

68. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7, 14 to 29, 36 to 51, or 58 to 67 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866).

69. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7, 14 to 29, 36 to 51, or 58 to 67 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No. B-67870).

70. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7, 14 to 29, 36 to 51, or 58 to 67 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867).

71. The method of any one of clauses 1 to 7, 14 to 29, 36 to 51, or 58 to 67 wherein the strain administered is Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868).

72. A commercial package comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-

67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

73. A feed additive for an animal feed comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

74. An additive for the drinking water of an animal comprising an isolated

Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709),

Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of

Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5

(NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5

(NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

75. An animal feed composition comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

76. The commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 72 to 75 wherein the Bacillus strain causes an effect selected from the group consisting of preventing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease, reducing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease, maintaining the microbial balance of the animal, and combinations thereof.

77. The commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 72 to 75, wherein the Bacillus strain reduces E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal. 78. The feed additive or additive for the drinking water of the animal of clause 73 or 74 in the form of a concentrate.

79. The feed additive or additive for the drinking water of the animal of clause 73 or 74 in the form of a superconcentrate.

80. The feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 73 to 79 in dry form.

81. The feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 73 to 80 in pelleted form.

82. The commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 72 to 79 wherein the strains are in a form selected from the group consisting of a powder, a pellet, a liquid, a liquid drench, a freeze-dried composition, a capsule, a top-dressing, a paste, and a gel.

83. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 82 further comprising a carrier for the Bacillus strains.

84. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 83 wherein the carrier is selected from the group consisting of a bran, rice hulls, a salt, mineral oil, a dextrin (e.g., maltodextrin), whey, sugar, sucrose, limestone, yeast culture, dried starch, sodium silico aluminate, silicon dioxide, polypropylene glycol, polysorbate 80, vegetable oil, and combinations thereof.

85. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 84 in a bag.

86. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 85 wherein the bag is a plastic bag.

87. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 86 further comprising instructions for use of one or more of the Bacillus strains.

88. The commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 72 to 87 in a 20-pound bag.

89. The commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal of any one of clauses 72 to 87 in a 50-pound bag.

90. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 89 in a container for commercial use. 91. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 90 wherein the container comprises plastic.

92. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 90 wherein the container comprises paper.

93. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 92 further comprising a binder.

94. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 93 wherein the binder is selected from the group consisting of clay, yeast cell wall components, aluminum silicate, and glucan, or combinations thereof.

95. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 94 further comprising an exogenously added nutrient component selected from the group consisting of a vitamin, an antibiotic, an enzyme, a water-soluble or water-insoluble monosaccharide, disaccharide, or polysaccharide, a fat, phosphorous, sodium bicarbonate, limestone, calcium, sodium, sulfur, magnesium, potassium, copper, iron, manganese, zinc, fish oil, raw seed, an antioxidant, and a starch.

96. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of clause 95 wherein the exogenously added nutrient component is an enzyme and the enzyme is selected from the group consisting of a galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, a phytase, and combinations thereof.

97. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 96 wherein the Bacillus strains are selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3

(NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3

(NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL

No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL

No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-

67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-

67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

98. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 96 wherein the Bacillus strains are selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

99. The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition of any one of clauses 72 to 96 wherein the Bacillus strains are selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), and combinations thereof.

In various embodiments, the animal to which a feed additive, a feed composition, or drinking water, and, optionally, an antibiotic, as described herein is administered can be selected from the group consisting of a poultry species, a porcine species, a caprine species, a bovine species, an ovine species, an equine species, and a companion animal. In the embodiment where the animal is a companion animal, the companion animal can be, for example, a canine species or a feline species. In the embodiment where the animal is a porcine species, the porcine species can be selected from the group consisting of a grow finish pig, a nursery pig, a sow, and a breeding stock pig. In various exemplary embodiments, the animal can be selected from the group consisting of a chicken (e.g., a broiler or a layer), a pig, a horse, a pony, a cow, a turkey, a goat, a sheep, a quail, a pheasant, an ostrich, a duck, a fish (e.g., a tilapia, a catfish, a flounder, or a salmon), a crustacean (e.g., a shrimp or a crab), and combinations thereof. In another embodiment, the feed additive, feed composition, or drinking water, and, optionally, the antibiotic, as described herein is administered to an animal and the animal is a human.

In various embodiments of the methods or compositions described herein, the Bacillus strain and the antibiotic can have an effect selected from the group consisting of maintaining microbial balance in the gut of the animal, preventing or reducing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal, improving animal performance or health, maintaining gut health in the animal, reducing detrimental pathogens in the gut of the animal, odor reduction, reducing detrimental pathogens in the urine or feces of the animal, and preserving the growth of beneficial bacteria in the gut of the animal. In any of the embodiments described herein, the Bacillus strain can be a Bacillus subtilis strain (e.g., strains 2, 3, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126) or a Bacillus licheniformis strain (e.g., strains 4 and 5).

In any embodiments described herein, the Bacillus strains can be administered alone or in any combination, with or without antibiotics, or can be in the form of any composition described herein. In one embodiment, the strain or strains are administered with an antibiotic in the same or separate compositions. The Bacillus strains described herein, with or without antibiotics, can also be used in combination with other different microbial strains, including other Bacillus strains or Lactobacillus strains.

In one embodiment of the invention, an effective amount of the Bacillus strain can be administered to inhibit E. coli and/or Clostridium in the animal. As used herein, “inhibit E. coli and/or Clostridium” can mean reducing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease, preventing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease, maintaining the normal microbial balance in the animal, reducing the number of detrimental E. coli and/or Clostridium organisms in the animal, reducing the activity of E. coli and/or Clostridium in the animal, or reducing the symptoms of E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal, or combinations thereof. By “effective amount” is meant an amount of the Bacillus strain (e.g., strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, or 126) capable of E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition or capable of controlling a detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium, as described below, by any mechanism.

In embodiments described herein wherein the compositions of the present invention comprising Bacillus strains 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics, with or without antibiotics are administered to an animal, the compositions are preferably administered to animals orally in a feed composition or in drinking water, but any other effective method of administration known to those skilled in the art may be utilized such as in a paste, a gel, a liquid drench, a liquid, a top dress, a powder, or a capsule. In one illustrative embodiment, the Bacillus strains 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics, and/or the antibiotics, are provided in the form of an additive for addition to the drinking water of an animal.

In another illustrative embodiment, the Bacillus strains 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics, and/or the antibiotics, are provided in the form of a feed additive for addition to a feed composition. The feed composition may contain Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics, in a mixture with an animal feed blend, including any art- recognized animal feed blend or any animal feed blend described herein. As used herein, “feed composition” or “animal feed composition” means a feed composition comprising Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics, and/or, optionally, the antibiotics in a mixture with an animal feed blend, and, optionally any other components that could be used in a feed composition, including other bacterial strains, such as other different Bacillus strains or Lactobacillus strains. In one embodiment, the feed composition may be in the form of a ground meal.

Any animal feed blend, including those known in the art and those described herein, may be used in accordance with the methods and compositions described in this patent application, such as rapeseed meal, cottonseed meal, soybean meal, cornmeal, barley, wheat, silage, and haylage. In various embodiments, the animal feed blend can be supplemented with Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics, and/or, optionally, the antibiotics, but other ingredients may optionally be added to the animal feed blend, including other different bacterial strains, such as other Bacillus strains or Lactobacillus strains.

In various illustrative embodiments, optional ingredients of the animal feed blend include sugars and complex carbohydrates such as both water-soluble and water-insoluble monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. Other optional ingredients include dried distillers grain solubles, fat (e.g., crude fat), phosphorous, sodium bicarbonate, limestone, salt, phytate, calcium, sodium, sulfur, magnesium, potassium, copper, iron, manganese, zinc, ash, fish oil, an oil derived from fish meal, raw seed (e.g., flaxseed), an antioxidant, and starch. In another embodiment, minerals may be added in the form of a mineral premix.

Optional amino acid ingredients that may be added to the animal feed blend are arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, cysteine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine, tyrosine ethyl HC1, alanine, aspartic acid, sodium glutamate, glycine, proline, serine, cysteine ethyl HC1, and analogs, and salts thereof. Vitamins that may be optionally added are thiamine HC1, riboflavin, pyridoxine HC1, niacin, niacinamide, inositol, choline chloride, calcium pantothenate, biotin, folic acid, ascorbic acid, and vitamins A, B, K, D, E, and the like. In another embodiment, vitamins may be added in the form of a vitamin premix. In yet another embodiment, protein ingredients may be added to the animal feed blend and include protein obtained from meat meal, bone meal, or fish meal, liquid or powdered egg, fish solubles, crude protein, and the like.

In various embodiments, the antibiotic for use in the methods and compositions described herein is selected from the group consisting of ampicillin, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, tetracycline, chlortetracycline, Denagard™ (i.e., tiamulin), BMD™ (i.e., bacitracin methylene disalicylate), carbadox (i.e., Mecadox™), Stafac™ (i.e., virginiamycin), erythromycin, levofloxacin, trimethoprim/ sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim, daptomycin, rifampicin, Tylan™ (i.e., tylosin), Pu1motil™ (i.e., tilmicosin), vancomycin, avilamycin (Kavault™), gentamycin, and neomycin, and combinations thereof. In one illustrative embodiment, the antibiotic is selected from the group consisting of tylosin, tilmicosin, avilamycin, gentamycin, carbadox, tiamulin, and neomycin.

In various embodiments where gentamycin is used, the dosage can be based on the Agrilabs Gen-Gard soluble powder specification for the treatment of colibacillosis (bacterial enteritis) and swine dysentery in weaned pigs. In various embodiments where neomycin is used, the dosage can be based on Agrilabs Neomycin Sulfate oral solution specification for the individual treatment of colibacillosis (bacterial enteritis) caused by E. coli. In various embodiments where Kavault™ is used, the dosage can be based on the Elanco specification for the treatment of E. coli related diarrhea in weaned pigs. In various embodiments where tylosin is used, the dosage can be based on the Elanco specification for the treatment of swine dysentery and porcine proliferative enteropathies. In various embodiments where Pulmotil™ is used, the dosage can be based on the Elanco specification for the control of swine respiratory disease associated with A. pleuropneumoniae and P. multocida.

In various embodiments, the dosage of the antibiotic can be from about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 1000 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 900 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 800 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 700 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 600 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 500 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 400 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 300 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 200 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 100 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 90 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 80 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 70 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 60 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 50 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 40 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 30 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 20 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 10 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 9 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 8 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 7 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 6 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 5 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 4 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 3 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 2 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 1 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 0.5 mg/pound of feed, about 0.1 mg/pound of feed to about 0.3 mg/pound of feed, about 0.5 mg/pound of feed to about 1 mg/pound of feed, about 1 mg/ml to about 1000 mg/ml of drinking water, about 1 mg/ml to about 900 mg/ml of drinking water, about 1 mg/ml to about 800 mg/ml of drinking water, about 1 mg/ml to about 700 mg/ml of drinking water, about 1 mg/ml to about 600 mg/ml of drinking water, about 1 mg/ml to about 500 mg/ml of drinking water, about 1 mg/ml to about 400 mg/ml of drinking water, about 1 mg/ml to about 300 mg/ml of drinking water, about 1 mg/ml to about 200 mg/ml of drinking water, about 1 mg/ml to about 100 mg/ml of drinking water, about 50 mg/ml to about 100 mg/ml of drinking water, about 50 mg/ml to about 90 mg/ml of drinking water, about 50 mg/ml to about 80 mg/ml of drinking water, about 50 mg/ml to about 70 mg/ml of drinking water, about 50 mg/ml to about 60 mg/ml of drinking water, about 1000 ppm, about 900 ppm, about 800 ppm, about 700 ppm, about 600 ppm, about 500 ppm, about 400 ppm, about 300 ppm, about 200 ppm, about 100 ppm, about 90 ppm, about 80 ppm, about 70 ppm, about 60 ppm, about 50 ppm, about 40 ppm, about 30 ppm, about 20 ppm, or about 10 ppm.

In another illustrative embodiment, one or more enzymes may be added to the animal feed blend or to the feed composition or feed additive or the bacterial strain. In various embodiments, the enzymes that may be added include a galactosidase, a phytase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, combinations thereof, and any other enzyme that improves the effectiveness of the feed composition or feed additive for E. coli and/or Clostridium inhibition or controlling a detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium. In yet another embodiment, yeast, fungi (e.g., Aspergillus or Trichoderma), or micronutrients may be added to the animal feed, feed composition, or feed additive, or the bacterial strain. Any of the ingredients described above that are suitable for addition to an additive for the drinking water of the animal may be added as a component of the additive for the drinking water of the animal as described herein. In various illustrative embodiments, the Bacillus strain (e.g., Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics), or any other different bacterial strains added in addition to Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics, can be administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 5.0 x 10 12 CFU/gram of the feed composition or at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 1.0 x 10 7 CFU/gram of the feed composition. In other embodiments, the Bacillus strain (e.g., Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics) is administered in the feed composition at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.1 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.25 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.5 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.75 x 10 3 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 2.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 3.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 4.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 5.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 6.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 7.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 8.0 x 10 4 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 5 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 6 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 7 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 8 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 9 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 10 CFU/gram of the feed composition, at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 11 CFU/gram of the feed composition, or at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 12 CFU/gram of the feed composition. In another embodiment, the Bacillus strain (e.g., Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics), or any other different bacterial strains added in addition to Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics, can be administered in the feed composition at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 2 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 5.0 x 10 12 CFU/gram of the feed composition or at a dose of about 1.0 x 10 2 CFU/gram of the feed composition to about 1.0 x 10 7 CFU/gram of the feed composition, or at a dose greater than about 1.0 x 10 2 CFU/gram of the feed composition. In another embodiment, any of the dosages described herein can be in CFU/ml of drinking water in embodiments where the strains are administered in the drinking water of the animal. In various embodiments, the Bacillus strain (e.g., Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,

9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics) for use in accordance with the methods or compositions described herein can be selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof. Bacillus strains 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7 were deposited on November 29, 2018 at the Agricultural Research Service Culture Collection (NRRL), National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, 1815 North University Street, Peoria, Illinois 61604- 3999, and were given accession numbers NRRL No. B-67709, NRRL No. B-67710, NRRL No., B-67711, NRRL No. B-67712, NRRL No. B-67714, and NRRL No. B-67713, respectively, respectively. The deposits were made under the provisions of the Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure. NRRL No. B-67709, NRRL No. B-67710, NRRL No., B-67711, NRRL No. B- 67712, NRRL No. B-67714, and NRRL No. B-67713, are equivalent to Bacillus strains 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7, respectively, as referred to in the application.

Bacillus strains 9, 57, 71, and 126 were deposited on October 10, 2019 at the

Agricultural Research Service Culture Collection (NRRL), National Center for Agricultural

Utilization Research, Agricultural Research Service, USDA, 1815 North University Street,

Peoria, Illinois 61604-3999, and were given accession numbers B-67866, B-67870, B-67867, and B-67868, respectively. The deposits were made under the provisions of the Budapest

Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of

Patent Procedure. NRRL No. B-67866, NRRL No. B-67870, NRRL No., B-67867, and NRRL No. B-67868, are equivalent to Bacillus strains 9, 57, 71, and 126, respectively, as referred to in the application. The deposit certificates refer to the strains as MDG9, MDG57, MDG71, and MDG126, respectively.

In one aspect, any of these strains can be administered alone or in combination in the form of a feed composition (e.g., a complete feed comprising an animal feed blend) or drinking water for an animal. In one embodiment, multiple strains are administered in combination in a single composition. In another embodiment, multiple strains are administered in combination in separate compositions. In yet another embodiment, any of these strains, or combinations thereof, is administered in combination with an antibiotic, as described herein in the same or separate compositions.

In another embodiment, one or more of the Bacillus strains described in the preceding paragraphs (e.g., Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics) can be administered to the animal along with another different bacterial strain selected from the group consisting of another Bacillus strain, a lactic acid bacterial strain, and combinations thereof. In yet another embodiment, one or more of the Bacillus strains described in the preceding paragraphs (e.g., Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains having their identifying characteristics) can be administered to the animal along with any other bacterial strain effective to inhibit or control detrimental effects of E. coli and/or Clostridium in the animal.

As used herein “a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of’ Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126 can be a mutant strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, or 126 (e.g., a DNA fingerprint based on DNA analysis that corresponds to the DNA fingerprint of Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9,

57, 71, or 126, enzyme activities that correspond to Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, or 126, antimicrobial activity that corresponds to Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, or 126, antibiotic sensitivity and tolerance profiles that correspond to Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, or 126, or combinations of these identifying characteristics). In alternate embodiments, the mutation can be a natural mutation, or a genetically engineered mutation. In another embodiment, “a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of’ Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5,

6, 7, 9, 57, 71, or 126 can be a strain, for example, produced by isolating one or more plasmids from Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, or 126, and introducing the one or more plasmids into another bacterium, such as another Bacillus strain, as long as the one or more plasmids contain DNA that provides the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, or 126 (e.g., a DNA fingerprint based on DNA analysis that corresponds to the DNA fingerprint of Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, or 126). The feed composition or drinking water comprising Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,

7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains with their identifying characteristics, and the antibiotics described herein, may be administered to the animal for any time period that is effective to inhibit E. coli and/or Clostridium or control a detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium, or combinations thereof. For example, in one embodiment the feed composition or drinking water may be provided to the animal daily. In an alternate embodiment, the feed composition or drinking water may be administered to the animal during lactation and/or during gestation. The time periods for administration of the feed composition or drinking water described above are non-limiting examples and it should be appreciated that any time period or administration schedule determined to be effective to inhibit E. coli and/or Clostridium or control a detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium, or combinations thereof, may be used.

In embodiments involving “controlling a detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium” controlling a detrimental effect can mean reducing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease, preventing E. coli and/or Clostridium disease, maintaining the normal microbial balance in the animal, reducing the number of detrimental E. coli and/or Clostridium in the animal, reducing the activity of E. coli and/or Clostridium in the animal, or reducing the symptoms of E. coli and/or Clostridium disease in the animal, or combinations thereof. By “effective amount” is meant an amount of the Bacillus strain (e.g., Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126) capable of controlling a detrimental effect of E. coli and/or Clostridium as described herein, by any mechanism.

In one embodiment, the feed additive for addition to an animal feed blend to produce a complete feed composition can be mixed with the animal feed blend, for example, with an automated micro-nutrient delivery system, or, for example, by hand-weighing and addition to achieve any of the doses of Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains with their identifying characteristics, described herein, for administration to the animal in the form of a complete feed composition. The mixing can also be done by any other suitable method known in the art for combining direct- fed microbials with an animal feed blend to obtain a uniform mixture. In various embodiments, the mixing can be done for any suitable time period (e.g., about 1 to about 4 minutes). In the embodiment where Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains with their identifying characteristics, are in the form of an additive for the drinking water of the animal, the Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains with their identifying characteristics, can be in the form of, for example, a powder, a liquid, or pellets, and can be mixed with the drinking water using any suitable method known in the art to achieve any of the doses of Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains with their identifying characteristics, described herein, for administration to the animal in the drinking water of the animal. Bacillus strain 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and/or 126, or strains with their identifying characteristics, can also be fed directly to the animal orally (i.e., by oral insertion) in the form of a powder, a freeze-dried composition, a gel, a top dressing, a liquid, a capsule, a paste, a liquid drench, or a pellet. Any of these embodiments can also be applied to mixing and administration of the antibiotics described herein.

In additional embodiments of the invention, compositions are provided comprising Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B- 67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B- 67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B- 67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B- 67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

In one embodiment, a commercial package is provided comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-

67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B- 67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B- 67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

In another embodiment, a feed additive for an animal feed is provided comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

In yet another embodiment, an additive for the drinking water of an animal is provided comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL

No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL

No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-

67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-

67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-

67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B-

67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

In yet another illustrative aspect of the invention, an animal feed composition is provided comprising an isolated Bacillus strain selected from the group consisting of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

In one illustrative aspect, the strains for addition to the commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or the feed composition can be in the form of a concentrate (e.g., about 1 x 10 8 to about 5 x 10 9 CFU/g) or a superconcentrate (e.g., about 1 x 10 10 to about 5 x 10 12 CFU/g). In another embodiment, the strains for addition to the commercial package, feed additive, feed composition, or additive for the drinking water of the animal can be in a dry form (e.g., a powder), a pelleted form, a liquid form, a liquid drench, a powder, a freeze-dried composition, in the form of a top-dressing, a paste, or in the form of a gel, or any other suitable form.

In another illustrative embodiment, the strain or strains in the commercial package, the feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition can further comprise a carrier for the Bacillus strain or strains. The carrier can be selected from the group consisting of a bran, rice hulls, a salt, mineral oil, a dextrin (e.g., maltodextrin), whey, sugar, sucrose, limestone, yeast culture, dried starch, sodium silico aluminate, silicon dioxide, polypropylene glycol, polysorbate 80, vegetable oil, and combinations thereof. In another embodiment, the carrier can be any suitable carrier known in the art for a direct-fed microbial. The carrier is exogenously added to the bacterial strain (i.e., not naturally present or not present in nature with the bacterial strain). In another embodiment, the feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition can further comprise a binder such as clay, yeast cell wall components, aluminum silicate, or glucan. In another embodiment, the commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition can further comprise inorganic/organic binders, essential oils, and/or organic acids. The binder is exogenously added to the bacterial strain (i.e., not naturally present or not present in nature with the bacterial strain).

In yet other embodiments, the commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition comprising Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B- 67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B- 67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof, is in a container for commercial use.

In various embodiments the container can be, for example, a bag (e.g., a 20- pound bag, a 50-pound bag, a 2-ounce bag, a 1 -pound bag, or a 1 -kilogram bag), a pouch, a drum, a bottle, or a box. In illustrative aspects, the container for the commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition comprising Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL

No. B-67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL

No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B- 67714), Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof, can comprise plastic, metal, foil, paper, fiber, or cardboard (e.g., a plastic pail, a paper bag, a foil bag, a fiber drum, etc.). The commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition can further comprise instructions for use of one or more of the Bacillus strains.

In one aspect, the commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition described herein can further comprise an exogenously added nutrient component (i.e., a nutrient component not present with the bacterial strain in nature) selected from the group consisting of a vitamin, an antibiotic, an enzyme, a water- soluble or water-insoluble monosaccharide, disaccharide, or polysaccharide, a fat, phosphorous, sodium bicarbonate, limestone, calcium, sodium, sulfur, magnesium, potassium, copper, iron, manganese, zinc, fish oil, raw seed, an antioxidant, and a starch.

In one embodiment, the exogenously added nutrient component is an enzyme and the enzyme is selected from the group consisting of a galactosidase, a protease, a lipase, an amylase, a hemicellulase, an arabinoxylanase, a xylanase, a cellulase, an NSPase, a phytase, and combinations thereof.

In one embodiment, any of the compositions described herein can be a dietary nutrient composition (e.g., a probiotic composition).

In one aspect, the commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition described herein can contain Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL

No. B-67709), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL

No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-

67711), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-

67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

In another embodiment, the commercial package, feed additive, additive for the drinking water of the animal, or feed composition can contain Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No. B- 67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No.B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B- 67867), Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), a strain having all of the identifying characteristics of Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868), and combinations thereof.

In some embodiments of the methods and compositions described herein, synergism occurs between the Bacillus strains and the antibiotics.

The following examples are for illustrative purposes only. The examples are non- limiting, and are not intended to limit the invention in any way.

EXAMPLE 1

Bacillus Testing on Kavault (32), Pulmotil (64), and Tylan (68) resistant E. coli

Utilizing a broth AST method, eight Bacillus strains were tested against 32 Kavault-resistant E. coli, 68 Tylan-resistant E. coli, and 64 Pulmotil-resistant E. coli. Six Bacillus strains were observed to have been most effective against Pulmotil, Tylan, and Kavault resistant E. coli. Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B- 67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712),

Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), and Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713) consistently improved and effectively inhibited (>50% inhibition) antibiotic resistant pathogens when the same concentration of antibiotic was administered in conjunction with Bacillus supernatant. EXAMPLE 2

Tilmicosin resistant E. coli

Of the 64 Tilmicosin resistant E. coli, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strains 2, 3, and 6 effectively inhibited 64/64 isolates. Of the 64 Tilmicosin resistant E. coli, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strain 5 effectively inhibited 63/64 isolates. Of the 64 Tilmicosin resistant E. coli, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strains 4 and 7 effectively inhibited 62-64 isolates.

EXAMPLE 3 Tylosin resistant E. coli

Of the 68 Tylosin resistant E. coli, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strains 2, 3, & 4 improved inhibition in 68/68 isolates. Of the 68 Tylosin resistant E. coli, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strains 5 & 6 improved inhibition in 66/68 isolates. Of the 68 Tylosin resistant E. coli, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strain 7 improved inhibition in 65/68 isolates.

EXAMPLE 4

Avilamycin resistant E. coli

Of the 32 Avilamycin resistant E. coli, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strains 2 & 3 improved inhibition in 32/32 isolates. Of the 32 Avilamycin resistant E. coli, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strains 5 & 7 improved inhibition in 31/32 isolates. Of the 32 Avilamycin resistant E. coli, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strain 6 improved inhibition in 30/32 isolates. Of the 32 Avilamycin resistant E. coli, combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strain 4 improved inhibition in 29/32 isolates.

EXAMPLE 5

Bacillus Testing on Gentamicin & Neomycin Resistant E. coli & C. yerfringens (66) isolates

Utilizing a broth AST method, eight Bacillus strains were tested against 46

Gentamicin & Neomycin-resistant E. coli and 66 Gentamicin & Neomycin-resistant C. perfringens. Six Bacillus strains were observed to have been most effective. Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B- 67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 6 (NRRL No. B-67714), and Bacillus strain 7 (NRRL No. B-67713) consistently improved and effectively inhibited (>50% inhibition) antibiotic resistant pathogens when the same concentration of antibiotic was administered in conjunction with Bacillus supernatant.

EXAMPLE 6

Gentamicin & Neomycin resistant E. coli

Of the 50 Gentamicin and Neomycin resistant E. coli, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strains 2-7 each effectively inhibited 50/50 isolates.

EXAMPLE 7

Gentamicin & Neomycin resistant C. perfrinsens

Of the 66 Gentamicin and Neomycin resistant C. perfringens, when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strains 3, 6, and 7 effectively inhibited 66/66 isolates. Of the 66 Gentamicin and Neomycin resistant C. perfringens, when combined with antibiotics Bacillus strain 2 effectively inhibited 63/66 isolates. Of the 66 Gentamicin and Neomycin resistant C. perfringens, when combined with antibiotics Bacillus strains 4 and 5 effectively inhibited 60/66 isolates.

EXAMPLE 8

Bacillus Testing on Mecadox™ (31) resistant E. coli

Utilizing a broth AST method, eight Bacillus strains were tested against 31 Mecadox™-resistant E. coli. All eight Bacillus strains were observed to be more effective at inhibiting the growth of these resistant E. coli than Mecadox™ (i.e., carabadox) was capable of alone.

Bacillus strain 2 (NRRL No. B-67709), Bacillus strain 3 (NRRL No. B-67710), Bacillus strain 4 (NRRL No. B-67711), Bacillus strain 5 (NRRL No. B-67712), Bacillus strain 9 (NRRL No.B-67866), Bacillus strain 57 (NRRL No. B-67870), Bacillus strain 71 (NRRL No. B-67867), and Bacillus strain 126 (NRRL No. B-67868) effectively inhibited (>50% inhibition) Mecadox™ resistant pathogens when the same concentration of the antibiotic was administered in conjunction with the Bacillus supernatant. See Ligs. 8 A and B and Lig. 9 for examples. Of the 31 Mecadox™ resistant E. coli : when compared to Mecadox™ alone, Bacillus strains 2, 3, 4, 5, and 57 superiorly inhibited 31/31 isolates. When compared to Mecadox™ alone, Bacillus strains 9, 71, and 126 superiorly inhibited 30/31 isolates.

The goal of this project was to identify Bacillus strains that exhibit inhibition potential of target pathogens in combination with antibiotics. Synergy can be defined as a resulting higher percent inhibition of antibiotic -resistant pathogens when Bacillus supernatants are combined with antibiotics than when the supernatant and antibiotic are tested separately against the same isolates. Eight Bacillus strains yielded consistent strong inhibition activity against Mecadox™-resistant E. coli that were tested. These eight Bacillus strains ( Bacillus strains 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 57, 71, and 126), are identified as strains (NRRL No. B-67709), (NRRL No. B-67710), (NRRL No. B-67711), (NRRL No. B-67712), (NRRL No.B-67866), (NRRL No. B- 67870), (NRRL No. B-67867), and (NRRL No. B-67868), respectively.

EXAMPLE 9 Antibiotic Interactions against Antibiotic-Resistant Gut Pathogens

Bacillus strains 9, 57, 71 and 126 consistently improved and effectively inhibited (>50% inhibition) antibiotic resistant pathogens when the same concentration of antibiotic was administered in conjunction with the Bacillus supernatant.

Of the 23 Denagard™ (i.e., tiamulin) resistant E. coli : when combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strain 9 improved inhibition in 22/23 isolates. When combined with antibiotics, Bacillus strain 57 improved inhibition in 21/23 isolates. When combined with antibiotics Bacillus strain 71 improved inhibition in 20/23 isolates. When combined with antibiotics Bacillus strain 126 improved inhibition in 21/23 isolates. In combination, Bacillus strains 9, 57, 71, and 126 effectively inhibited all 23 Denagard™ resistant isolates (see Fig. 10 for an example).

The goal of this project was to identify Bacillus strains that exhibit strong inhibition potential of target pathogens in combination with antibiotics. Synergy can be defined as a resulting higher percent inhibition of antibiotic-resistant pathogens when Bacillus supernatants are combined with antibiotics than when the supernatant and antibiotic are tested separately against the same isolates. Ten Bacillus strains yielded consistent strong inhibition activity against Pulmotil, Tylan, Denagard™, and Kavault-resistant E. coli that were tested.

These ten Bacillus strains ( Bacillus strains 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and 126), are identified as strains (NRRL No. B-67709), (NRRL No. B-67710), (NRRL No. B-67711), (NRRL No. B- 67712), (NRRL No. B-67714), (NRRL No. B-67713), (NRRL No. B-67866), (NRRL No. B- 67870), (NRRL No. B-67867), and (NRRL No. B-67868), respectively.

EXAMPLE 10 RAPD-PCR DNA Profiles

The Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA PCR method (hereafter referred to as RAPD-PCR) was used to identify genetic variability of each strain. Preparation of the DNA to be used in the RAPD-PCR reaction was done by using the QIAGEN® Tissue and Blood single column kit (QIAGEN®, Venlo, The Netherlands). Figures 7, 11, and 12 illustrate

RAPD-PCR results for strains 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 57, 71, and 126, with the unlabeled lanes or the lanes labeled “PC” being a molecular weight ladder. The results show that all strains are unique from each other.