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Title:
ARRANGEMENT FOR AN ELECTRICAL PLUG-TYPE CONNECTOR AND PLUG-TYPE CONNECTOR HAVING A CONTACT HOUSING, OUTER HOUSING AND SECURING ELEMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/050664
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to an arrangement (1) for an electrical plug-type connector (2) which can be assembled with a mating connector (6) in an insertion direction (4). The arrangement and the plug-type connector having the arrangement have an outer housing (8) and a separate contact housing (10) which can be secured in the outer housing and which has at least one contact receptacle (12) for receiving at least one electrical contact. In order to provide a connection with great tensile strength, in particular in the case of small connectors having a length of only a few centimetres, between the outer housing and the contact housing, the arrangement has a securing element (14) for the positive-locking connection of the outer housing and the contact housing. The securing element can be inserted in at least one shaft (18) in a push-in direction (16) which runs transversely relative to the insertion direction. The shaft extends through the outer housing and the contact housing. Preferably, at least one securing tab (46) having at least one recess (48) is provided on the contact housing (10) and/or the outer housing(8). The at least one recess (48) in particular forms a portion of the shaft (18) in this instance.

Inventors:
FORELL, Richard (Am Mannheimer Tor 3a, Lorsch, 64653, DE)
LEONHARD, Andreas (Mühltalstr. 8, Darmstadt, 64297, DE)
Application Number:
EP2017/072961
Publication Date:
March 22, 2018
Filing Date:
September 13, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
TE CONNECTIVITY GERMANY GMBH (Amperestrasse 12-14, Bensheim, D-64625, DE)
International Classes:
H01R13/436; H01R13/506; H01R13/52
Domestic Patent References:
WO2011069611A12011-06-16
Foreign References:
US20020127913A12002-09-12
US20010016457A12001-08-23
EP2639893A12013-09-18
US5941737A1999-08-24
EP0903814A11999-03-24
EP1109263A22001-06-20
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KEANE, David (Murgitroyd and Company, Scotland House165-169 Scotland Street, Glasgow Strathclyde G5 8PL, G5 8PL, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. An arrangement (1) for an electrical plug-type connector (2) which can be assembled with a mating connector (6) in an insertion direction (4), wherein the arrangement (1) has an outer housing (8) and a separate contact housing (10) which can be secured in the outer housing and which has at least one contact receptacle (12) for receiving at least one electrical contact (13), characterised in that the

arrangement (1) has a securing element (14) for the positive- locking connection of the outer housing (8) and the contact housing (10), wherein the securing element (14) can be inserted in at least one shaft (18) in a push-in direction (16) which runs transversely relative to the insertion direction (4), wherein the shaft extends through the outer housing (8) and the contact housing (10) .

2. The arrangement (1) according to Claim 1, characterised in that the securing element (14) is a contact-securing member.

3. The arrangement (1) according to Claim 1 or 2,

characterised in that there is provided on at least one of the contact housing (10) and the outer housing (8) at least one securing tab (46) which extends in an insertion direction (4) and which can be introduced into a securing shaft (52) which extends in the insertion direction (4) and which is constructed in the other of the contact housing (10) and the outer housing (8), and in that the securing tab (46) forms at least a portion of the at least one shaft (18) .

4. The arrangement (1) according to Claim 3, characterised in that at least two securing tabs (46) are arranged one behind the other in the push-in direction (16) .

5. The arrangement (1) according to Claim 3 or 4, characterised in that the at least one securing tab (46) has at least one recess (48) which is a portion of the shaft when the contact housing (10) is inserted into the outer housing (8) .

6. The arrangement (1) according to any one of Claims 3 to 5, characterised in that the arrangement (1) has a seal (30) which is located between the outer housing (8) and the

contact housing (10) with the contact housing (10) being inserted into the outer housing (8), and in that the at least one securing tab (46) extends in the insertion direction (4) to the other side of the seal (30) .

7. The arrangement (1) according to Claim 5 and 6,

characterised in that the at least one recess (48) is spaced apart in the insertion direction (4) from the seal (30) .

8. The arrangement (1) according to Claim 7, characterised in that the at least one recess (48) is located at the side of the seal (30) facing the mating connector (6) .

9. The arrangement (1) according to any one of Claims 3 to 8, characterised in that the at least one securing shaft (46) is located in an outer wall (53) of the contact housing (10) and/or outer housing (8) .

10. The arrangement (1) according to any one of Claims 3 to 9, characterised in that the at least one contact receptacle (12) is located between at least two securing tabs (46) .

11. The arrangement (1) according to any one of Claims 3 to 10, characterised in that two catch positions (21, 22) of the securing element (14) which are spaced apart from each other in the push-in direction (16) are provided and the securing element (14) with the outer housing (8) and/or the contact housing (10) is/are engaged therein, and in that the at least one contact receptacle (12) is at least partially blocked by the securing element (14) in one of the two catch positions (21, 22) .

12. The arrangement (1) according to Claim 11, characterised in that, in both catch positions (21, 22), the outer housing (8) and the contact housing (10) are connected to each other in a positive-locking manner by the securing element (14) in the insertion direction (4) .

13. The arrangement (1) according to any one of Claims 1 to

12, characterised in that the shaft (18) traverses the at least one contact receptacle (12).

14. The arrangement (1) according to any one of Claims 1 to

13, characterised in that the securing element (14) has at least two parallel legs (32), and in that the at least one securing tab (46) has at least two recesses (48), in which at least a portion of the legs (32) can be received.

15. A plug-type connector (2) having an arrangement (1) according to any one of claims 1 to 14.

Description:
Arrangement for an electrical plug-type connector and plug- type connector having a contact housing, outer housing and securing element

The invention relates to an arrangement for an electrical plug-type connector which can be assembled with a mating connector in an insertion direction and such a plug-type connector, wherein the arrangement or the plug-type connector has an outer housing and a separate contact housing which can be secured in the outer housing and which has at least one contact receptacle for receiving at least one electrical contact .

Such arrangements and plug-type connectors are known. The use of an outer housing and a contact housing which is separate therefrom allows different connector faces to be fitted for different plug-type connections alternatively in one and the same outer housing.

Particularly in the case of small or miniaturised plug-type connectors, the structural length of which is less than 3 cm and in which the line cross-section is only 0.1 mm 2 , however, a problem in such arrangements is that the connection between the outer housing and the contact housing has a tensile strength which is usually only inadequate as a result of the small structural size. Consequently, it may be the case that the contact housing remains with the mating connector and is released from the outer housing during an attempt to release the connection between the connector and the mating connector

An object of the invention is to overcome this problem. There is provision as a solution to this problem for the arrangement to have a securing element for the positive- locking connection of the outer housing and the contact housing and which can be inserted in at least one shaft in a push-in direction which runs transversely relative to the insertion direction, wherein the shaft extends through the contact housing, which has been completely inserted in the outer housing, and the outer housing.

In this solution, the contact housing and the outer housing are connected to each other by means of the securing element which is inserted in the shaft. This increases the tensile strength of the connection between the outer housing and the contact housing so that the two members can no longer be separated from each other when the connection of the plug- type connector and the mating connector is released.

The solution according to the invention can be further improved by the following embodiments which are each

advantageous per se and which can be freely combined with each other.

Thus, according to a first advantageous embodiment, the securing element can be used at the same time as a contact- securing member for securing at least one contact in the at least one contact receptacle. In particular, at least one electrical contact can be secured in the contact receptacle in a positive-locking manner by the contact-securing member.

The shaft can, for example, extend through the at least one contact receptacle so that the securing element can also be used as a contact-securing member. When the securing element is completely inserted into the shaft, the contact receptacle of this contact can be at least partially blocked, closed and/or passed through by the

securing element in order to secure a contact in the contact receptacle .

At least one securing tab which extends in an insertion direction and which is constructed so as to be able to be introduced into a securing shaft, which extends in the

insertion direction, of the outer housing and/or contact housing can be provided on the contact housing and/or on the outer housing, wherein the securing tab forms at least a portion of the at least one shaft or is traversed by the at least one shaft when the plug-type connector is assembled.

At least one securing tab may, for example, be constructed on the outer housing and may be introduced or able to be

introduced into a securing shaft of the contact housing. The shaft for receiving the securing element can traverse the securing shaft so that, when the securing element is inserted, the securing tab is secured in a positive-locking manner at least in the insertion direction. In additional variants, the at least one securing tab can be constructed on the outer housing or at least one securing tab can be constructed on the outer housing and at least one additional securing tab can be constructed on the contact housing, wherein in the last case both the contact housing and the outer housing are provided with a securing shaft, respectively. The at least one securing tab may be constructed as a flat member, the flat side of which extends transversely relative to the push- in direction. In order to increase the operational reliability, at least two, in particular parallel, securing tabs can be arranged one behind the other in the push-in direction. In this embodiment, there are preferably provided two securing shafts which are located one behind the other in the push-in

direction and which are traversed by the at least one shaft in which the securing element can be or is received.

The one, two or more securing shaft (s) and, when the plug- type connector is assembled, the corresponding number of securing tabs can be arranged in an outer wall of the contact housing or outer housing. If two or more securing shafts are provided, according to another advantageous embodiment at least one contact receptacle, preferably all the contact receptacles, may be located between two securing shafts and/or two securing tabs. The outer wall may be located between the at least one contact receptacle and an outer side of the contact housing and/or outer housing.

According to another advantageous embodiment, the at least one securing tab may have at least one recess which is a portion of the shaft when the contact housing is inserted into the outer housing. As a result of the recess, the securing tab can be secured by means of the securing element in the securing shaft. If the securing element has been pushed into the shaft, in one embodiment it extends through the recess. The recess preferably has, with the securing tab permanently being inserted into the securing shaft, an undercut both in and counter to the insertion direction. In this case, the undercuts are preferably aligned with the walls of the shaft if the securing tab is completely inserted into the securing shaft, and form with the securing element a positive-locking connection which acts in the insertion direction .

According to another embodiment, the securing tabs can project in the insertion direction at both sides of a

receptacle which is formed in the outer housing and in which at least a portion of the contact housing can be received. The securing tabs thereby form guides which make assembly easier .

In a simplified variant, there may be provided only a single undercut which acts in only one direction and which blocks the outer housing and contact housing from being pulled apart when the securing element is inserted. In such an embodiment, a movement in the opposite direction, in which the outer housing and contact housing are further fitted together, can be prevented by a stop which is arranged at another location.

In order to increase the fluid-tightness of the arrangement or the electrical plug-type connector, according to another advantageous embodiment the arrangement may have a seal, in particular a radial seal, which is located between the outer housing and the contact housing, in particular at the

separation joint between the outer housing and the contact housing, with the contact housing being inserted into the outer housing. Preferably, the shaft is located at the side of the seal facing the mating connector. When the mating connector and plug-in connector are assembled, the shaft is preferably covered by the mating connector. In such an embodiment, the seal then prevents moisture and dirt from being introduced into the shaft. In order to improve the sealing effect, the at least one securing tab may extend in the insertion direction to the other side of the seal. The at least one recess may be spaced apart in the insertion direction from the seal or the

separation joint and may be located at the side of the securing tab located at the other side of the seal or

separation joint when viewed from the contact housing and/or outer housing with the respective securing tab.

According to another advantageous embodiment, two catch positions of the securing element which are spaced apart from each other in the push-in direction may be provided and the securing element with the outer housing and/or the contact housing can be engaged therein. In this case, the at least one contact receptacle can be at least partially blocked by the securing element in the rear catch position in the push- in direction of the securing element. Consequently, both the outer housing and the contact housing and the at least one contact can be secured in the contact receptacle in this position .

In both catch positions, the outer housing and the contact housing are preferably connected to each other in a positive- locking manner by the securing element. In the front catch position in the push-in direction, the at least one contact receptacle can be released from the securing element. It is consequently possible to insert the at least one contact into the at least one contact receptacle while the outer housing and the contact housing are already secured by the securing element . The at least one shaft may be open at both ends. It is thereby possible to press the inserted securing element from one end out of the shaft.

According to another embodiment, the securing element may have at least one contact recess which is preferably aligned with the at least one contact receptacle only in a single, incompletely inserted state. If the contact receptacle and the contact recess are aligned, it is possible to insert a contact into the respective contact receptacle.

The securing element may have at least two parallel legs, wherein at least two parallel shafts can be provided for receiving the two legs. However, the two legs may also be able to be inserted together into a single shaft. In order to increase the securing action, the at least one securing tab may have at least two recesses, wherein a leg of the securing element can extend through each recess if the securing tab is completely introduced into the securing shaft associated therewith and the securing element is located in the shaft.

The invention is explained below by way of example with reference to an embodiment and the appended drawings. In accordance with the above explanations, individual features of the described embodiment may be omitted in this case if the technical effect thereof is not supposed to be the important aspect in a specific application. Conversely, a feature, which is not present in the embodiment but which is described in the above general explanation, may be added, should the technical effect of the missing feature be

important in a specific application.

In the drawings: Fig. 1 shows a schematic, perspective exploded view of an arrangement according to the invention;

Fig. 2 shows a schematic, perspective cross-section of an arrangement according to the invention;

Fig. 3 shows a schematic, perspective cross-section of the arrangement of Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 shows a schematic, perspective view of an outer

housing of the arrangement according to the

invention ;

Fig. 5 shows a schematic, perspective view of a contact housing of the arrangement according to the

invention .

The structure and function of an arrangement 1 of a plug-type connector 2 are first described with reference to Fig. 1.

The plug-type connector 2 is assembled with a mating

connector 6 in an insertion direction 4 in order to produce an electrical connection.

The arrangement 1 comprises an outer housing 8, in which a contact housing 10 can be received. The contact housing 10 is provided with at least one contact receptacle 12, in which an electrical contact 13 (Figs. 2 and 3) can be introduced or is inserted .

The outer housing 8 and the contact housing 10 are joined together parallel with the insertion direction 4, wherein the contact housing 10 is inserted into the outer housing 8. A securing element 14 holds the outer housing 8 and the contact housing 10 together parallel with the insertion direction 4. In order to produce this connection, the securing element 14 is introduced into at least one shaft 18 in a push-in direction 16. The shaft 18 extends both through the outer housing 8 and through the contact housing 10. The at least one shaft 18 is open at the two ends 20 thereof which are preferably located in the outer housing 8.

The securing element 14 can be engaged in two catch positions 21, 22 which are spaced apart from each other in the push-in direction 16. Such an engagement can be provided, for example, by a catch projection 24 on the securing element and catch receptacles 26 which correspond to the catch projection and which define the catch positions 21, 22. Naturally, in place of this variant which is illustrated in Fig. 1, there may also be provided two catch projections 24 which are spaced apart from each other in the push-in direction 16 and only one catch receptacle 26. The at least one catch projection 24 may also be arranged on the outer housing or contact housing and the at least one catch receptacle 26 may be arranged on the securing element.

The first catch position 21 in the push-in direction 16 is located in front of the second catch position 22 in the push- in direction. In the second catch position 22, the securing element 14 is completely pushed into the at least one shaft 18. The outer housing 8 and the contact housing 10 are

connected to each other. At the same time, the at least one contact is also secured by the securing element 14 in the at least one contact receptacle 12.

The securing element 14 has at least one contact recess 28 which is aligned in the first catch position 21 with the at least one contact receptacle 12 so that in the first catch position the contacts 13 can be inserted into the contact receptacle 12 and at the same time the outer housing and the contact housing are already connected to each other by the securing element 14.

The arrangement 1 may further have a seal 30, in particular a radial seal.

The plug-type connector 2 formed by the arrangement 1 is a miniature connector having a total length of less than 30 mm. The contacts 13 used therein are suitable for very small line cross-sections down to 0.1 mm 2 .

The securing element 14 may be constructed, as Fig. 1 shows, in a substantially U-shaped manner and may have two legs 32, with which a respective shaft 18 is associated. The contact recess 28 may be arranged on only one of the legs. The catch projection 24 may be arranged in a similar manner.

Fig. 2 shows the arrangement 1 which forms the plug-type connector 2 and which has a mat seal 34 and a sealing holder 36 at the cable-side end 38. The sealing holder 36 is engaged with the outer housing 8. The mat seal 34 is located,

preferably in a slightly compressed state, between the sealing holder 36 and the outer housing 8 and/or the contact housing 10.

The securing element 14 is located in Fig. 2 in the first catch position. It can be seen that the at least one contact receptacle 12 - three contact receptacles are shown in Fig. 2 merely for exemplary purposes - is/are aligned with the contact recesses 28 of the securing element 14. The openings 20 can also be seen at the ends of the shaft 18. If, starting from the first catch position 21 illustrated in Fig. 2, the securing element 14 is moved in the push-in direction 16 into the second catch position 22, the contact receptacles 12 are partially closed by the securing element 14 and the contacts inserted therein are secured in a

positive-locking manner.

In order to connect the outer housing 8 and the contact housing 10 to each other by means of the securing element 14 at least in the insertion direction 4, the outer housing 8, as Fig. 4 shows, is provided with at least one securing tab 46 which extends in the insertion direction 4. The securing tab 46 is a monolithic component of the preferably injection- moulded outer housing 8. The securing tab 46 preferably has at least one, for example, polygonal, in particular

rectangular, recess 48 which is aligned with the at least one shaft in the push-in direction 16. As Fig. 4 shows, a

plurality of recesses 48, for example, two recesses 48, which are aligned with a plurality of shafts 18 may be provided at a securing tab 46.

The securing tabs 46 are flat members, the flat sides 49 of which extend transversely relative to the push-in direction 16.

The outer housing 8 may have two or more securing tabs 46, in particular extending parallel with each other, as Fig. 4 shows. There may be located between the securing tabs 46 a receptacle 50, into which the contact housing 10 can be at least partially introduced. The securing tabs 46 project at both sides of the receptacle 50 in an insertion direction 4 and are consequently used as guides for the contact housing at the same time. In order to receive the securing tabs 46, the contact housing 10 may have at least one securing shaft 52. The securing shaft 52 traverses the at least one shaft 18 so that the two shafts 18, 52 extend partially through each other. The at least one contact receptacle 12 is located at least partially between two shafts 52, into which according to Fig. 5 the two securing tabs 46 of the outer housing of the embodiment illustrated in Fig. 4 can be introduced. The securing shaft 52 can be constructed in an outer wall 53. The outer wall 53 forms an outer face 54 of the contact housing 10 and borders on a contact receptacle 12 at the inner side.

As can be seen in Figs. 4 and 5, an additional catch

connection 55 may be provided on the outer housing 8 and contact housing 12 in order to further secure the outer housing 8 and contact housing 10.

Fig. 3 shows the arrangement 1 or the electrical plug-type connector 2 in the completely assembled state, that is to say, in the catch position 22. It can be seen that the securing element 14 which is introduced into the at least one shaft 18 extends through the recesses 48 of the securing tab 46. If an attempt is made to remove the contact housing 10 from the outer housing 8, the undercut 58 of the securing tab 46 strikes the securing element 18 which is received in the at least one shaft 18.

Fig. 3 further shows that the seal 30 is supported in a sealing manner between the outer housing 8 and the contact housing 10 and consequently seals a separation joint 60 between the outer housing 8 and the contact housing 10. When the plug-type connector 2 and mating connector 6 are

connected to each other, the outer peripheral face 62 of the seal 30 further abuts an inner side (not shown) of the mating connector and consequently also seals the separation joint 60 between the mating connector 6 and the plug-type connector 2.

The securing tab 46 is spaced apart from the seal 30 or the separation joint 60 in the insertion direction 4. In

particular, the at least one shaft 18 is located at the side of the seal 30 facing the mating connector 6 (Fig. 1) or of the separation joint 60 with spacing therefrom in the

insertion direction 4.

List of reference numerals

Arrangement

Electrical plug-type connector

Insertion direction

Mating connector

Outer housing

Contact housing

Contact receptacle

Contact

Securing element

Push-in direction

Shaft

End of the shaft/Opening of the shaft First catch position

Second catch position

Catch projection

Catch receptacle

Contact recess

(Radial) seal

Leg

Mat seal

Seal holder

Cable-side end

Securing tab

Flat side

Recess

Receptacle

Securing shaft

Outer wall

Outer face

Catch connection

Undercut

Separation joint Outer peripheral face