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Title:
VERTICAL ROTISSERIE APPARATUS WITH LIQUID POURING FOR BASTING
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/178100
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
The invention relates to a vertical rotisserie apparatus equipped with means for pouring of a liquid, such as simple vegetable comestible oil or aromatized oil with powder made of crushed aromatized plants for improving the taste, basting and tenderizing of meat and/or vegetables during roasting process (roasting or baking), said means providing and recirculation of aromatizing liquid. More specific invention related to an improved vertical rotisserie apparatus by providing it with means for a basting or pouring of the liquid and an attached module for recirculation thereof (of said liquid). The apparatus is intended for being used especially within the catering field, as kitchen equipment. The technical problem solved by the invention consists in the recirculation of a liquid used for basting the rotisserie products by means of pouring, said liquid being previously homogenized, in a vertical rotisserie machine.

Inventors:
VANDAMME PAUL (RO)
Application Number:
EP2020/055032
Publication Date:
September 10, 2020
Filing Date:
February 26, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
VANDAMME PAUL (RO)
International Classes:
A47J37/04; A47J37/10
Domestic Patent References:
WO2013025988A12013-02-21
Foreign References:
US5460080A1995-10-24
CN203088802U2013-07-31
FR2823963A12002-10-31
CN2894560Y2007-05-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
INVENTA - AGENTIE DE PROPRIETATE INTELECTUALA SRL (RO)
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Claims:
Claims

1. Vertical rotisserie apparatus with liquid pouring for basting having a supporting base (84) mounted on four wheels (54), being equipped with several horizontal spikes (43) or baskets, vertically shifted, for fixing the food, each spike (43) having its peak coupled to a driving head (95) of rotisserie, closed with two glass doors (75), characterized by the fact that said rotisserie being equipped with

a liquid distributor (7), consisting in an extended recipient having at the bottom part some draining orifices (hi , h2 ... hn) of the liquid, located above first spike and distributing the liquid on the entire length of the spikes; and

a liquid collecting recipient (9), located underneath the last spike, where the liquid flows,

the rotisserie apparatus containing also a liquid recirculation module, having a parallelepipedal form, equipped with a chain transport mechanism, lifting the liquid from one reservoir (5), initially filled, as well as the liquid drained from collecting recipient (9), by means of an elongated cylindrical draining orifice or by mean of a draining orifice and sliding gutter (12’) on the exterior bottom part of the recipient and an intermediary gutter (25), to a removable container (6), equipped with an orifice used for draining the liquid through a chamfer (8), back to distributor (7), the liquid recirculation module being mounted on four wheels (58) and coupled by means of some fastening clamps (29) to adapted vertical grill, forming a whole.

2. Apparatus as in claim 1 characterized by the fact that, the liquid vertical transport mechanism contains two symmetrical roller chains (13, 14), assembled in two plans parallel to back panel (105) and the front plan of the module, being driven and/or guided on pairs of sprockets (1 -2, 15-55, 16-56 and 17-57), each pair of sprockets being assembled on an axis, the four axes being parallel between them and perpendicular on the back panel (105) of the module, the lower pair of sprockets (1 -2) is mounted/fixed on an axis (3,) cylindrically /joined, perpendicular on the back panel (105) and on the frontal panel of the liquid recirculation module. This axis (3) is driven by an engine and the other pairs of sprockets (15-55, 16-56 and 17-57), having a guiding role, are articulated on one pair of colinear semi-axes, fixed on front and back panels respectively (105), on the roller chains (13, 14), being assembled by means of a swivelling support bar (10, 24);

a container (4) for transportation of the liquid, opened at the upper part, the container (4) is driven and guided so that, at the inferior end of the route, before getting into reservoir (5), is inclined by rotating its swivelling support bar (10) making possible the liquid collection in the container existing in reservoir (5), and at the upper end of the track, the pouring/spilling of the collected liquid into removable container (6) and before it, in the moving direction, a liquid homogenizer (mixing device) which upon its passing through the liquid existing in the reservoir (5), homogenizes the liquid before its getting into container (4), upon passing the container (4) through reservoir (5).

3. Apparatus as in claim 2 characterized by the fact that, the liquid transportation container (4) has the form of an empty, right prism, having as base an irregular hexagon consisting in two isosceles trapezes having in common the large base, positioned as having the height parallel to support bar (10), having rounded base edges; at the upper part, the container is provided with a handle (34) and the container (4) being opened on both sides of the handle (34), is fixed by means of two pins (30) to support bar (10) provided with two passing orifices, perpendicular on the axis, by means of a mechanism for locking the ends (33) of the pins (30) with a cylindrical sliding shell (99), on the same support bar (10) being mounted also an inclination bar (11 ), so that the container moves towards the liquid reservoir (5) of the liquid recirculation module, then the inclination bar (11 ) coming into contact with a slider (26), which is fixed on a panel of the liquid recirculation module, positioned in front of pair of lower sprockets (1 -2) above the liquid reservoir (5), shall incline the liquid transportation container (4) towards the liquid existing in the reservoir (5) until the slip plate (27) of the container (4) is at least parallel to the level line (W-W) of the liquid existing in the reservoir (5), before the above-mentioned container (4) gets into contact with the liquid, allowing the smooth entering and sinking of the container (4) until the slip plate (27) of the container (4) reaches the bottom of the reservoir (5) and for controlling the amount of liquid that can be maximum collected in the liquid container (4) the plate of the container (4) that is opposite to the slip plate (27) is foreseen with a wide slit (71 ).

4. Apparatus as in claim 3 characterized by the fact that, in another embodiment, the liquid transportation container (4) is equipped with an inclination bar (11’), in form of a cylindrical rod fixed on one of the lateral sides of the container (4), a bar which slides on another slider (26’) mounted under the same conditions as the first slider (26), but inclined towards the liquid reservoir (5), shall incline the container (4) towards the liquid existing in reservoir (5).

5. Apparatus as in claim 2 characterized by the fact that, the swivelling support bar (10) ends with two cylindrical portions (97) having a diameter corresponding to the interior of the roller chain roller links, the end of the portions are threaded (98), and is provided with two passing/guiding holes (103) corresponding to the diameters of the ends (33) of pin (30) on the handle (34) of the container (4), and a cylindrical threaded orifice (107) for screwing the inclination bar (11 ), the threaded hole (107) is located towards one of the ends of the support bar, in the area between the plane of side wall of the container (4) and cylindrical portion (97) of the bar, the axis of the threaded cylindrical hole being perpendicular or inclined at an angle between 90 and 120 degrees relative to the longitudinal axes of the passing/guiding holes (103) of support bar (10), and at the opposite end of the support bar (10), before the other cylindrical portion (97) of the bar, being fixed a ring (106), on the bar (10) sliding a cylindrical shell (99), between the cylindrical shell (99) and ring (106) being an helicoidal arch (108), pushing the cylindrical shell (99) towards the inclination bar (11 ).

6. Apparatus as in claim 5 characterized by the fact that, the cylindrical shell (99) has two circular passing/guiding holes (100) for the pin heads (33), prolonged in the same direction with two channels (101 ) corresponding to a neck (32) of the pin (30), on the handle (34) of the container 4; the sliding cylindrical shell (99) is also equipped with a rectangular channel (122), rounded at one end, corresponding to inclination bar (11 ), on the support bar (10), between the sliding cylindrical shell (99) and ring (106) existing an helicoidal arch (108) pushing the sliding shell (99) towards inclination bar (11 ) for the purpose of blocking/locking the ends of the pin (30) on the cylindrical shell (99).

7. Apparatus as in claim 2 characterized by the fact that the liquid homogenizer (29) is a comb shaped spatula, containing a spatula arm in form of two parallel plates (18, 18’), having the bottom end cut under an angle between 30 -50°, on which a comb is fixed (20), and the other end is articulated by means of swivelling axis (22), in the bottom part of the median area of two supporting elements (19, 19’) of the spatula arm, in form of two plates with rounded ends, the upper ends of the supporting elements (19, 19’) are articulated to support bar (24) of the liquid homogenizer (29), on the supporting elements of the spatula arm (19, 19’) being mounted a counterweight (21 ), ensuring the fact that the longitudinal axis (A- A’) of the supporting element of spatula arm (19, 19’), remains perpendicular on a level line (W-W) of the liquid existing in the reservoir (5), and a rotation limiter (23) of spatula arm around the swivelling axis (22), upon return, to an angle (b) between the longitudinal axis (A A’) of the supporting element of spatula arm (19, 19’) and spatula arm (18,18’) smaller or equal to 160 degrees.

8. Apparatus as in claim 1 characterized by the fact that the mechanism for transportation of the liquid acts at adjustable time intervals or upon manual command of the operator, making a full stroke and then it stops.

9. Apparatus as in claim 1 characterized by the fact that the distributor (7) has a total length (L1 ) smaller or equal to the length of the grill’s spikes, being equipped with a base chamber (40), having in the bottom part a base plate (39) and an upper chamber (41 ), the two chambers directly communicating between them, the width (k) of the upper room (41 ) being substantially bigger than the width (n) of the basic chamber (40) which is, preferably, not bigger then the diameter of the draining orifices (hi , h2 ... hn) made in a base plate (39) located in the bottom part of the distributor (7).

10. Apparatus as in claim 1 characterized by the fact that the bottom part of the modified grill is equipped with a storage box (46) for products, which is positioned on a supporting element (47) sliding on the support base (84) of the modified grill; the upper edge of the cover of the storage box (46) is located beneath the glass doors (75), the sliding supporting element (47) rests on two front wheels (53), on the floor and on other two small guiding wheels, mounted underneath the base plate (85) of the supporting element of the storage box (47), and positioned in two parallel aligned grooves/channels existing in the support base (84), serving as guiding rails for the supporting element (47) of the storage box (46).

11. Apparatus as in claim 1 characterized by the fact that the modified grill is equipped also with a heat chamber in its upper part, right beneath the upper plate (86) of the rotisserie machine frame, right above distributor (7), containing a U-shaped plate (62) with a frontal panel, having some rectangular cuttings (88), for hosting some boxes (61 ) of the heat chamber, each box (61 ) being guided and positioned by a guiding element (83) having the form of a base free rectangular frame and three support bars (63), parallel aligned, made of metal, preferable steel, for supporting the weight of the boxes of the heating chamber.

12. Apparatus as in claim 11 characterized by the fact that the heat chamber, parallel to support bars (63), and at their levels, there is inserted a support plate (36), equipped with a slot or a few slots for fixing the distributor (7) with the help of a hooked plate (42).

13. Apparatus as in claim 12 characterized by the fact that the support plate (36) on which the distributor is fixed (7) is positioned, so that the base plate (39) of the distributor (7) is located above the third and fourth trigonometric quadrant of the rotisserie circular area (A).

14. Apparatus as in claim 1 characterized by the fact that each glass door (75) of the grill is equipped on the interior side, at the bottom part, with a removable metallic gutter (74) to prevent the liquid that is thrown onto glass doors during liquid flow on the rotisserie contents, drips to the floor.

15. Apparatus as in claim 1 characterized by the fact that the liquid receiving recipient (5) is mounted inside a drawer (68) without bottom plate, located at the bottom part of the liquid recirculation module, and beneath the drawer there is a heated plate (67) with electronic command, fixed on a set of springs pushing the plate on the bottom plate of the liquid reservoir (5).

Description:
Vertical rotisserie apparatus with liquid pouring for basting

[001 ] The invention relates to a vertical rotisserie apparatus equipped with means for pouring of a liquid, such as simple vegetable comestible oil or aromatized oil with powder made of crushed aromatized plants for improving the taste, basting and tenderizing of meat and/or vegetables during roasting process (roasting or baking), said means providing and recirculation of aromatizing liquid. More specific invention related to an improved vertical rotisserie apparatus by providing it with means for a basting or pouring of the liquid and an attached module for recirculation thereof (of said liquid). The apparatus is intended for being used especially within the catering field, as kitchen equipment.

[002] There are known horizontal or vertical rotisserie units equipped with several spikes or baskets used for fixing the food to be roasted. Depending on thermal energy source, there are gas or electric vertical rotisserie units and they may be equipped with a drawer for keeping warm the roasted or baked products.

[003] US patent No. 5460080 published on 24.10.1995 discloses a mobile rotisserie for mass cooking of edible vertebrate products, characterized by a wheel-mounted, open pit wherein a spit conveyor travels from end to end and plural spits engage the conveyor, the spits being rapidly rotated simultaneously as they travel the length of the rotisserie unit. Rotisserie Chicken Machine is adapted to portability upon a mobile wheeled trailer and consists of a cooking unit supported thereon. Within the trailer, main drive chains travel endlessly, responsive to driven front and rear shafts, both front and rear shafts being rotatable within shaft guides, which, in turn, are spaced by track spacers. A chain is employed as the conveyor, per se.

The front drive shaft has a centrally disposed driving sprocket which is held in position by the fixed track spacer connection. Spit rod carriers are fixed at spaced intervals to the conveyor chain, as indicated. The rod carriers and their supporting chain are driven by the motor, which rests upon a suitable motor bracket, shown attached to track spacer. There is provided a flat iron conveyor return track with channels set therein. Main chain idler brackets cooperate with sprocket brackets to effect movement to the conveyor chains. Suitable bridges are located to support and to separate the primary right hand driving chain from the secondary rotisserie driven chain, the latter having external disposition relative to main drive chain, reference right hand channel. Top track slidable supports this driven chain, lengthwise.

[004] WO 2013/025988 published on 21.02.2013. The invention relates to a liquid removal device. Exemplary embodiments of the invention comprise a basket well that is configured to spin a basket containing fried food. The fryer device may also comprise a rotational mechanism, such as an electric motor or a manual crank, which rotates the basket within the basket well. The invention may further comprise a mechanism to dump food from the basket after sufficient liquid has been removed. Various embodiments also comprise a handle, which may or may not be integrated into the basket.

[005] The Chinese utility model document No. CN203088802 U published on

31.07.2013, discloses an automatic oil-coating rotary multi-functional oven comprises a pot body, a pot cover and a heater, wherein the pot body is provided with a rotary basin for rolling food, and a relatively sealed cavity is defined by the pot body and the pot cover. The automatic oil-coating rotary multi-functional oven is characterized in that the rotary basin is designed to rotate at intervals, the rotary basin drives the food and oil when rotating, and when the rotary basin stops rotating, the food moves forwards or turns over due to inertia and is automatically mixed with the oil, and thus the oil is coated.

[006] It is known invention No. FR 2823963 (A1 ), published on 31.10.2002, entitled ’’Spraying device for food in cooking oven ...”. The oven comprises a casing inside which is housed a cooking enclosure delimited in its upper part by an arch, heating elements and food supports. The spraying device comprises a reservoir, located on top of the arch, which can be filled with liquid through an orifice in the casing surface. Calibrated spraying nozzles enable a regulated flow of the liquid contained in the reservoir through openings in the arch.

[007] Patent No. CN 2894560Y discloses a fully automatic no-smoke cooking machine, which comprises a movable connection of a casing and an upper cover, a handle device on the upper side of the upper cover, and a motor connected to the bottom of the casing to control the disc and the air inlet are connected at the bottom of the casing, the exhaust window device is on the upper side of the upper cover, the frying pan is movably connected to the upper part of the heater and the middle of the casing, and the stirrer is movably connected to the upper end of the motor shaft and the bottom of the wok, the heater It is fixedly connected to the bottom of the inner cylinder and connected to the control panel. This kind of cooking machine connects the upper end of the motor shaft and the bottom of the wok by stirring the stirrer. Because the food is easily broken or chopped due to the stirring of food, especially the fragile food such as French fries, the cooking machine is not cleaned after the use of the accessories. Convenient and need improvement.

[008] The technical problem solved by the invention consists in the recirculation of a liquid used for basting the rotisserie products by means of pouring, said liquid being previously homogenized, in a vertical rotisserie machine.

[009] The rotisserie apparatus with a liquid pouring module, according to the present invention, is defined by its technical features highlighted in claims 1 - 15.

[010] As a result of applying the invention, the following advantages are obtained:

- ensures the automatized gravitational basting with liquids, such as oil, aromatized oil or liquid marinates, on the rotisserie contents (fresh grill food products, such as meat and vegetables), during the cooking process (roasting or baking), leading to a significant improvement of the taste of the rotisserie contents, for example, roasted meat and/or baked vegetables as a result of aromatizing and tenderizing;

- provides the continuous recirculation of aromatizing and tenderizing liquid; and

- allows the modernization of existing vertical rotisserie units/ grills.

[011] Below you can find examples of materialization of the invention in connection to figures 1-13, representing: - Fig. 1 A, schematic view illustrating the main characteristics of the invention of the liquid recirculation module/unite and main additional elements required for improving a vertical rotisserie unit, according to the invention;

- Fig.1 B, exploded view of a rotisserie/grill apparatus, according to the invention;

- Fig. 2, schematic view of the rotisserie unit from fig.1 b;

- Fig.3, side view of a liquid homogenizer; in the preferred example there is presented a subassembly of a kind of spatula for liquid agitation/homogenization;

- Fig.4, detail illustrating the passing of the spatula from fig. 3 through a liquid receiving recipient;

- Fig.5, side view of a liquid transport container for the purpose of vertical recirculation;

- Fig.6A, perspective view illustrating the assembly of the liquid container from fig. 5 on a swivelling support bar;

- Fig.6B, front sectional view illustrating the liquid container from fig. 5 mounted on a swivelling support bar;

- Fig. 7, detail illustrating the liquid filling/charging of the vertical transport recipient, from fig. 5, upon its passing through the reservoir;

- Fig. 8, detail illustrating another variant of guiding the vertical transport recipient, from fig. 5, upon passing it through the reservoir;

- Fig.9, detail of an upper part of the liquid recirculation module, illustrating the liquid unloading/discharge from the vertical transport recipient, from fig. 5, into a removable container;

- Fig.10, perspective view of a liquid distributor (dripper);

- Fig.11 , detail of the upper part of a rotisserie unit from fig.1 B, illustrating the fixing of the liquid distributor from fig.10, the liquid circulation and its distribution over the food to be roasted;

- Fig.12, sketch illustrating the positioning of the liquid distributer from fig.10, in rotisserie unit from fig.1 B;

- Fig. 13, perspective/exploded view illustrating the upper part of an improved rotisserie unit. [012] With regard to fig.1 A and 1 B, a rotisserie unit, according to the invention, consists in a vertical rotisserie unit or vertical grill with several horizontal spikes or baskets, vertically staggered, having a parallelepipedal form, known in itself, additionally equipped with a liquid distributor 7, which is an elongated recipient having a length smaller or equal to the length of the spikes, having at the bottom part some liquid draining orifices h-i, h 2 ... h n for pouring liquid (fig.10 and fig.11 ), located above first spike 43, a liquid collector 9, which is also an elongated recipient along the entire interior opening of rotisserie unit, for collecting the liquid leaking from rotisserie products, located underneath the last spike, having attached a recirculation module of the basting liquid (recirculation of a liquid used for basting the rotisserie products by means of pouring), an parallelepipedal form, containing a mechanism for transporting the liquid for recirculation purpose. In its turn, this mechanism contains two identical roller chains 13,14 with sprockets, located in planes parallel to front panels (but not presented in the figures) and back panel 105 of the liquid recirculating module, being driven and/or guided on pairs of sprockets 1-2, 15-55, 16-56 and 17- 57. Each pair of sprockets is mounted on an axis and the four axes are parallel to each other and perpendicular on the back panel 105 of the module. The lowest pair of sprockets 1-2 is mounted/fixed on an axis 3, cylindrical joined, perpendicular to back panel 105 and front panel of the liquid recirculation module. The axis 3 is also driven by an engine, which is also not presented in the figure. The axis 3 is known also as driving axis. The other pairs of sprockets 15-55, 16-56 and 17-57, having a guiding role, are articulated on a pair of colinear semi-axes each (not presented in the figure), fixed on the front and back panels respectively as follows: the semi-axes supporting the guiding sprockets 55, 56 and 57 of the roller chain 14 from the back side, have their heads fixed on the back panel 105 and the ones supporting the guiding sprockets 15, 16 and 17 of the front roller chain 13, have their heads fixed on the front panel. On the two roller chains 13, 14 there are assembled (joined), by means of a swivelling support bar 10, 24, a container 4 for liquid transportation and a homogenizer 29 (a device for liquid mixing), preceding the container 4, in the direction of movement. Generally, the container 4 for liquid transportation is a box having its upper part open (having a liquid loading/discharge opening), equipped with a handle 34 used for being mounted to the swivelling support bar 10. Whenever the roller chains 13,14 are beginning to move, the container 4 takes over the liquid, in the inferior part of the stroke, from a reservoir 5, having its upper part open, the pair of sprockets 1-2 being located above it. The reservoir 5 is initially filled, and afterwards filled with the liquid from liquid collector 9 by means of an elongated cylindrical orifice in form of a pipe and intermediary gutter 25. The container 4 then lifts the liquid and, in the upper part of the stroke, discharges it in a removable liquid recipient 6, located in the upper part of the recirculation module, one of the pairs of sprockets 15-55 being located above the removable liquid recipient 6. This is a drain tray vessel having its upper part open, being provided at the base with an orifice for draining the liquid, using a removable gutter 8, in distributor 7. In this way, the mechanism for liquid transportation for the purpose of recirculation, ensures the taking over of the homogenized liquid from reservoir 5 into container 4, its transport to the removable liquid recipient 6, and the discharge of the liquid from container 4 into the removable liquid recipient 6. The transport mechanism works periodically, on adjustable time intervals, but it may be started also in case of ordering it, makes a full drive and then it stops.

[013] In another way of execution, the liquid from the liquid collector 9 gets in reservoir 5 by means of a draining orifice and sliding gutter 12’ whose useful length may be adjusted by sliding on the exterior part of the base (bottom) of the liquid collector 9, and by means of the intermediary gutter 25, taking over the liquid from the elongated cylindrical orifice 12 or from the sliding gutter 12’ and gets it to reservoir 5.

Thanks to its construction, the liquid recirculation module may be attached to a vertical rotisserie unit, adapted so that the entire set is presented and works as a whole. If the liquid recirculation module is detached from the rotisserie unit, the liquid, which may be still found in the removable liquid recipient 6, flows directly in the intermediary gutter 25 and therefore gets into reservoir 5.

[014] In the concrete example of execution, the rotisserie unit, adapted according to invention, has a parallelepipedal form and is equipped with: a heat chamber, having the oven role, located above the distributor 7 (right beneath the upper plate 86 of the rotisserie unit frame, fig.2); a box 46, drawer type, for storing products, equipped with a handle 48, located on the support base 84 of the rotisserie unit frame beneath the liquid collector 9, and two glass doors 75, closing the grill in the area between upper support plate 86 and upper margin of the food storage box 46. This heat chamber is heated by means convection from the burners 44

The container 4 has the form of a right prism, overturned (having its height parallel to the swivelling support bar 10), empty, having as basis an irregular hexagon consisting in two isosceles trapezes having in common the large basis, and rounded base edges. At the upper part, the container 4 is equipped with a handle 34, (representing the narrowest lateral side of the prism), on both sides of the handle 34, having the container open (the lateral sides of the adjacent prism are missing). In other words, the container 4 is a box having its upper part open, and its side walls having the form of an irregular hexagon symmetric to vertical.

The distributor 7 is equipped with a hooked plate 42, hung by a support plate 36 equipped with an adequate slot. The support plate 36 is incorporated/fixed in the heat chamber of the modified grill (as presented in fig. 2, 11 and 13). The hooked plate 42 may be made of one piece or may be divided into two - three parts. Correspondingly, the support plate 36 is equipped with two or three slots 109 respectively, for passing the distributor’s fixing hooks.

The liquid used for basting the rotisserie products by means of pouring, is, for example, simple vegetable comestible oil or aromatized oil with powder made of crushed aromatized plants, for improving the taste of meat and/or vegetables during roasting process (roasting or baking).

[015] With regard to fig. 1 b and fig. 2, the liquid recirculation module is assembled on four wheels 58 and by means of some fastening clamps 29 it is attached to an adapted vertical rotisserie unit, whose supporting base 84 is also assembled on four wheels 54.

The modified rotisserie unit has at its upper part a liquid distributor/dropper 7, and at its bottom part a recipient 9 for collecting the liquid (dripping from products or directly falling from distributor) which by means of two supports 102 are mounted in the lower part of the adapted grill unit. They are connected to the removable liquid recipient 6 and reservoir 5 respectively, from the liquid recirculation module. This allows that the liquid poured into the removable liquid recipient 6 of the liquid recirculation module is transferred through a removable gutter 8 towards distributor 7, which by means of the draining orifices h-i, h 2 ... h n in its base plate 39 (as presented in fig. 10 and fig. 11 ), pours the liquid on the rotisserie contents (such as meat and/or vegetables), like a waterfall, on flow lines f 1 , f2...fn, (as presented in Fig.11 ). Finally, the liquid is poured into the liquid collector 9 of the adapted grill, which by means of the draining orifice 12, sends back the liquid into reservoir 5 from the liquid recirculation module.

Regarding liquid homogenizer and liquid stirring:

[016] With regard to fig.3, in a preferred example of execution, the liquid homogenizer 29 is a kind of comb-shaped spatula, comprising a spatula arm 18, 18’, in form of two identical, parallel plates (rectangular plates), having their bottom ends cut at an angle of 30- 50° to the perpendicular on the plate’s axis, having asymmetrically fixed a rectangular comb 20, uniting the two plates forming the spatula’s arm. The other end of the spatula’s arm 18, 18’ is joined, by means of a swivelling axis 22 (each upper end of the two plates 18, 18’ forming the spatula’s arm is swivelling/pivotally joined around the same axis 22, located in the bottom part of the median area of the two supporting elements of the spatula’s arm 19, 19’. The mentioned spatula arm supports 19, 19’ have also the form of a plate, with rounded ends, having their upper ends mounted/fixed on the swivelling support bar 24 of the spatula. On the supporting elements of the spatula arm 19, 19’ there is mounted a counterweight 21 and rotation limiter 23 of spatula arm 18 around the swivelling axis 22 at an angle b between the longitudinal axis A-A’ of the spatula arm support 19 and the spatula arm 18, which is preferably smaller than 160 degrees.

When the liquid homogenizer 29 freely hangs on the roller chains 13, 14, the counterweight 21 ensure that line A- A’, which is always parallel to the spatula’s arm support 19, 19’ (representing its longitudinal axis), remains vertical, respectively in the vicinity of the perpendicular to a liquid level line from reservoir 5, noted W-W (fig.7 and 8), for ensuring the proper functioning of the liquid homogenizer 29. In another variant, the same effect may be obtained without using the counterweight 21 , making the spatula arm support 19, 19’ very heavy in comparison to the spatula arm 18,18’ and comb 20.

On the direction (rotation) of travel, the liquid homogenizer is mounted on the roller chains 13, 14, before the container 4 for liquid transportation, ensuring in this way that the liquid from reservoir 5 is adequately stirred/homogenized before container 4 enters reservoir 5, as presented in fig. 1 A, 1 B and fig2. [017] With regard to fig.4, when the back (bottom part) of the comb 20 reaches the base/bottom of reservoir 5 of the liquid recirculation module, a situation illustrated in position R1 , the swivelling support bar 24 of the liquid homogenizer 29 moves together with the roller chains 13,14, then the comb’s back moves backwards through the liquid homogenizer’s arm 18,18’ scraping (getting into contact) with the base plate of the reservoir 5, until reaches position R2. Further, the bottom part of the comb, starting from position R2 to R4, starts to scrap (gets into contact with) bottom plate of liquid reservoir 5, in forward direction; as it moves together with the homogenizer, while the comb 20 starts to push the liquid from reservoir 5, it passes also over the comb’s teeth, causing a turbulence/agitation and makes the liquid and its contents from reservoir 5 to be stirred/homogenized before container 4 passes through liquid from reservoir 5. The reservoir 5 has two handles 48, which may be retractable or not and allow us to easily remove the reservoir 5 with or without the contents from the drawer 68.

The contact between the comb 20 and the base plate of reservoir 5 cease once the bottom part of the comb reaches position R4 and the spatula moves together with the roller chains 13, 14, because in position R4, neither part of the liquid homogenizer 29 has no longer additional contact with the base plate of the reservoir 5. In the preferred example of execution, the reservoir 5 has the form of an opened parallelepipedal box, having one of the walls, the one corresponding to the exit of homogenizer 29 and container 4, inclined towards the exterior having an angle between 30-60%, as presented in fig. 4, fig.7 and fig.8.

Liquid collecting, transport and recirculation:

[018] As presented in fig. 5 and fig. 6A and fig. 6B, the liquid transport container 4 is equipped with a handle 34, on which two pins 30 are mounted, each of them consisting of pin base 31 fixed on handle 34, pin head 33 for fixing on the swivelling support bar 10, and the pin neck 32 which is the narrower section connecting the pin’s base 31 with the pin’s head 33. By means of the two pins 30, the container 4 is assembled on the support bar 10, swivelling attached/assembled and traveling/moving down together with the roller chains 13, 14 towards reservoir 5. Before entering the reservoir 5, a tilt bar 11, having a cylindrical form, fixed on the swivelling support bar 10 of the container 4, intersects with the slider 26 of the tilt bar 11 (in position P2 from fig. 7) inclining the container 4 for the purpose of being filled with liquid. The slider 26 is fixed with screws, welded or glued, on the interior part of the back panel 105 of the liquid recirculation module and positioned in front of/next to pair of sprockets 1-2, from axis 3, above reservoir 5, located in the inferior part of the liquid recirculation module, as presented in fig. 1A, fig. 1 B and fig. 2.

To control the amount of liquid that can be maximum collected in the liquid container 4 the plate of the container that is opposite to the slip plate 27 is, preferably, foreseen with a wide slit 71.

[019] With regard to fig. 7, the tilt bar 11 in form of a rod is mounted/fixed on the swivelling support bar 10 of the container 4; while moving together with the roller chains 13,14, shall incline the container 4 towards the liquid from reservoir 5 until an exterior side 27 of the container 4 (referred to also as slip plate, which is the exterior side of the container firstly getting into contact with the liquid from recipient), is at least parallel to a level line W-W of the liquid from reservoir 5, preferably slightly inclined towards the liquid from reservoir 5, as presented in fig. 7, before the container 4 gets into liquid (see fig. 7, position P3), this allowing the smooth entering of container 4 into the reservoir 5.

Once the tilt bar 11 is no longer into contact with the tilt bar slider 26 while moving together with the roller chains 13, 14, the container 4 continues to move through the liquid from reservoir 5, (the slip plate 27 of the container preferably sliding on the bottom of reservoir 5); the’’sliding” angle F (the inclination angle of container’s axis towards the bottom of the reservoir during its contact with the bottom of reservoir), gradually increases up to 90°, then the container 4 filled with liquid, remains suspended on the roller chains 13, 14, as presented in position P4 and P5 of fig. 7.

With regard to fig. 8, in another embodiment, the inclination of the container 4 for liquid transportation and liquid filling may be also, possible by means of an tilt bolt 11’, firmly fixed/mounted on one of the lateral sides (bases of the prism) of container 4, perpendicular to it and having its length smaller than the distance between the plane of the lateral side on which it is fixed and the plane of the roller chain closest to it. Similarly as above, before the container 4 enters the reservoir 5, the inclination bolt 11’ shall slide on a bolt slider 26’, mounted as presented above and shall incline the container 4 passing through points RΊ , P’2, RΊ , P’3, P’4 and P’5 (corresponding to the ones from fig.7 above described), as presented in fig. 8; also, the container 4 preferably slides on the interior side of the bottom of the liquid reservoir 5, while the slip angle F gradually increases until container 4 starts hanging on the roller chains 13,14, as presented in position P’4 and P’5.

[020] Returning to fig. 1A and fig. B, in an execution variant, the liquid reservoir 5 is mounted inside a drawer 68 without bottom plate, located in the bottom part of the liquid recirculation module and underneath the drawer, there is a heated plate 67 with electronic command, known in itself. It is fixed on a set of arches pushing the plate on the bottom plate of the liquid reservoir 5, thus providing the best thermal contact and heating the liquid, if desired by the operator. For an easy handling, the drawer 68 of reservoir 5 is mounted on a sliding bar 65 and on two lateral supporting elements 66, being equipped with a handle 69 made of a thermal insulating material.

Pouring the liquid into removable liquid recipient:

[021] In the upper part of liquid recirculation module, there is a removable liquid recipient 6 in the form of a parallelepipedal vessel, opened in the upper part, having a narrowed base wall (bottom). The removable container 6 is located on a supporting base 50, having the vertical walls parallel with the panels of the recirculation module, having one of the walls - the front wall, near the modified vertical grill. Inside the removable container 6, transported liquid is completely poured into container 4, as presented in fig. 9, fig. 1A, fig. 1 B and fig. 2.

[022] With regard to fig. 9, when the container 4 for liquid transportation comes into contact with a vertical back wall 28 (further referred to as back plate 28) of the removable liquid recipient 6, then the slip plate 27 of container 4, while moving together with the roller chains 13, 14, inclines and slides over back plate 28 of the removable liquid recipient 6 and it starts the liquid transfer from container 4 towards removable liquid recipient 6. For this, the back plate 28 of the removable container 6 has, preferably, a height of 40-50% relative to the height of all other walls of the removable liquid recipient 6 (this isn’t necessarily the case, height could also be equal). Also, the contact between the slip plate 27 of the transport container 4 and the back plate 28 of recipient 6 takes place at a point along the launching line - i.e. a portion of the roller chain 13,14 contained between two points Z1 , Z2, corresponding to tangency points of the roller chain 14 with sprockets 56 and 55 respectively, (of the chain 13 with sprockets 16 and 15 respectively). For making sure that the liquid transportation container 4 is completely drained into the removable liquid recipient 6 while moving along the launching line between points Z1 , Z2, there must be ensured that the surface of the slip plate 27 is at least parallel with the surface of the level plan, before the swivelling support bar 10 reaches the final point Z2 of the launching line Z1 Z2.

In an execution example, the slip plate 27 of container 4 for liquid transportation is extended by means of a spout 117 (as presented in fig. 6A, 1A and 1 B) for facilitating the liquid transfer into removable container 6.

Transfer of the liquid from the removable liquid recipient to liquid collector

[023] With regard to fig. 10-12, the distributor 7 is also an elongated vessel having a total length L1 smaller or equal the length of the grill’s spikes, being equipped with a base chamber 40, having in the upper part a base plate 39, and an upper chamber 41. The two chambers directly communicate between them, the width k of the upper chamber 41 is substantially bigger that the width n of the base chamber 40 which is, preferably, not much bigger than the diameter of the draining orifices hi , h2 ... hn present in the base plate 39 of the distributor 7, but big enough to allow a proper cleaning of the base chamber 40.

For example, the width n of the base chamber 40, is between 0,8 - 1 ,5 cm and the width k of the upper chamber 41 is at least 3 times bigger than the width n. The distributor 7 is equipped with a hooked plate 42, used for hanging it by a support plate 36 of the modified grill existing in the upper part (as presented in fig. 11 and 13). The liquid flows from the removable liquid recipient 6 of the liquid recirculation module, in the absence of distributor 7 and/or removable gutter 8, through nozzle 35 or draining orifices of the removable liquid recipient 6; it shall fall on an intermediary gutter 25 existing in the recirculation module, in reservoir 5 of this module.

[024] The removable liquid recipient 6, located in the upper part of the liquid recirculation module, is equipped at its base with a draining area 70 (see also fig. 1A and fig. 1 B) with several orifices (in form of a sieve) or a nozzle 35, used for draining the liquid into removable gutter 8 falling into distributor 7. One end of gutter 8 rests, preferably, on distributor 7, equipped with an ear 96 preventing lateral sliding, the other end is hung by means of a fastening hook 59, to a supporting element 52 foreseen with slot 52a, positioned on the base of a supporting element 50 of the removable liquid recipient 6, of the liquid recirculation module, (as presented in Fig. 2 and fig.9).

[025] The removable liquid recipient 6, (as indicated also in fig. 1A and fig.2) is positioned above distributor 7 and implicitly the area of the base plate 39 of distributor 7, (see also Fig.11 ), and preferably is parallel with a level plan, see Fig.7, while the removable gutter 8, when positioned on the distributor 7 and coupled by means of the supporting element 52 of the base of supporting element 50 of the liquid recirculation module, forms an angle a which may vary between 0 and 90 degrees, measured from a level line W-W), but it is situated, preferably, between 5 and 15 degrees, so that it is made sure that the liquid flows rapidly and smoothly (without turbulences) from removable liquid recipient 6 via removable gutter 8 of the rotisserie unit to distributor 7 of adapted grill.

[026] The liquid flowing in distributor 7 firstly fills the volume of the base chamber corresponding to the area of the base chamber 40 Fig.11 multiplied by total length L1 , see Figures 7 and 10, of distributor 7 and then the volume of upper chamber 41 corresponding to the area of upper chamber 41 multiplied by total length L1 of distributor 7. The width k of the upper chamber, see Fig.11 , is substantially larger as the width n of the base chamber which, preferably, is not much larger that the diameter of the draining orifices hi , h2 ... hn from the base plate 39 of the distributor 7, but large enough to allow a proper cleaning of the base chamber.

The pouring of the liquid from distributor over the rotisserie contents and back to liquid recirculation module

[027] The liquid is transferred through removable gutter 8 of the rotisserie unit towards the distributor 7 of the adapted vertical grill, passes through draining orifices hi , h2 ... hn from the base plate 39 of distributor 7, see figures 7 and 10, which, preferably, are uniformly aligned and arranged on the length L2 between first and last draining orifice hi , h2 ... hn of distributor 7, is poured on the rotisserie contents, such as meat and vegetables, of the adapted grill and falls over the rotisserie contents from the top to the lower row and finally from the lower row to liquid collector 9, (see fig. 1 B and 2), mounted at the base of the adapted rotisserie unit (vertical grill) and returns by means of the draining orifice 12 of the recipient and intermediary gutter 25 of the liquid recirculation module to reservoir 5.

This "mixing" and "recirculation" of juices during the rotisserie process is the one conferring a unique taste of the end product.

[028] With regard to fig. 11 and 12, the distributor 7 is positioned above the upper spike of the adapted grill (as presented also in fig. 2 and fig.10), so that the distance d, between the base plate 39 of distributor 7 and centre of the upper spike of grill 43 is at least 2 cm bigger than radius R of the rotisserie circular area A of this spike; this radius R is smaller or at least equal half the distance b between two successive spikes. Each spike 43 is provided at one end with a drive support roller 94 (which is mounted on a roller holder 79 with which the vertical rotisserie machine is provided, as shown in Figure 1 B) and one thermal insulating handle 91 and the other end of the spike 43 is coupled to one of the driving ends 95 of the rotisserie unit, provided on the vertical grill, (as presented also in fig. 1 B, fig.2).

[029] With regard to the location of the distributor 7 on the width/depth of the grill, the support plate 36 (shown in fig.11 ) used for fixing/hanging the distributor 7, is positioned inside the heating chamber, so that the bottom plate 39 of the distributer 7 is, preferably, located above the third II and fourth IV trigonometric quadrant of rotisserie circular area A, i.e. on the other side of the grill area in which the heaters 44 (gas or electric) and radiators 45, with which the vertical rotisserie machine is provided. In this way, the liquid falling through the draining holes hi , h2 ... hn of the distributor 7, respectively the plane in which the flow lines f 1 , f2, ..., fn of the liquid are located, is displaced by a distance e from the plane of the centre of spikes 43 of the grill, approximately 2 up to 3 cm, for avoiding that the liquid directly falling from distributor 7 on the rotisserie contents is deviated towards the heaters 44 of the adapted grill. Also, in the absence of the rotisserie contents, the liquid does not fall on the grill’s spikes, but directly into liquid collector 9 or storage box 46 of the adapted grill, in order to avoid spattering.

[030] The distance d’ between two successive orifices of distributor 7, for example between h2 and h3, (as presented in Fig.10), is, preferably, between 5 and 10 cm, while the length L2 between the first orifice hi and the last orifice hn of distributor 7, is smaller than the length L1 of distributor 7, approximately covering 80 up to 90% from the usable length of the grill’s spike 43.

The diameter of the draining orifices hi , h2 ... hn of the distributor 7 is, preferably, between 1.5 and 3 mm, to ensure that the plant powder contained in the liquid does not block the drain holes hi , h2 ... hn of the distributor 7, passing through them.

[031] The height of the base chamber 40 of the distributor 7, see Fig.12, is preferably higher than 2 cm and the total liquid volume which may be collected by transport container 4 of the liquid recirculation module must not exceed, for safety reasons, the total volume which may be collected in the distributor 7. For a good and uniform liquid discharge on rotisserie products, such as meat and vegetables, the nozzle 35 diameter or the total drainage area of the draining orifices of the removable liquid container 6 of the liquid recirculation module must be established so that the required filling time, marked as "t1 ", needed for the removable liquid recipient 6 to fill the volume of the base chamber of distributor 7 must be more rapid than the discharge time, marked as "t2", that the distributor having only its base chamber completely filled, may discharge using the draining orifices hi , h2 ... hn of the basis plate 39.

[032] The liquid collector 9 of the liquid recirculation module, which may be removable or not, if properly mounted in the modified grill, is positioned such that an elongate (pipe-shaped) outlet 12 of the liquid collector 9, is in the prolongation of /( aligned in parallel with) base plate 90 of the liquid collector, being slightly inclined towards a level plane beneath liquid collector 9, to ensure that the liquid in the liquid collecting recipient 9 flows through the intermediary gutter 25 of the liquid recirculation module into the reservoir 5 from the liquid recirculation module.

Information on storage box of rotisserie unit according to the invention

[033] Also, with regard to fig. 1 B and fig. 2, the bottom part of the modified/improved grill unit according to the invention, located beneath the glass doors 75, is equipped with a product storage box 46, which is positioned on a slidable product storage box support 47 on the support base 84 of the grill unit, to allow easy access to the contents of the product storage box without the need to open the glass doors 75 of the rotisserie unit, positioned just above the product storage box 46. [034] The slidable product storage box support 47 rest on two front wheels 53 on the floor and on two other small guiding wheels, which are not here presented, mounted beneath the base plate 85 of the slidable product storage box support 47 and positioned in two parallel aligned channels, which are not here presented, in the support base 84 of the adapted grill unit, serving as guiding track for the slidable product storage box support 47, allowing it to move easily forth and back, like a drawer on wheels.

Information on the heat chamber of the rotisserie unit according to the invention

[035] With regard to fig. 1 B and Fig.2 and fig.13, the rotisserie unit, adapted according to the invention, is also equipped with a heat chamber (having the role of an oven), in its upper part, right beneath the upper plate 86 of the rotisserie unit (frame), above distributor 7, which, in its turn, is located above the first spike 43 of the grill. The heat chamber, illustrated in fig.13, having a parallelepipedal form, being located in the upper part of the modified vertical grill, consisting in a U formed panel 62, preferably, made of steel, having a thickness of minimum 1.5 mm for storing thermal energy, and may have on the front of the panel 62’, two up to five rectangular openings/cuttings 88, for hosting some boxes 61 of the heat chamber (having the role of cooking plate), each of them equipped with a handle 87 for a better handling, when“put” or“removed” from the heat chamber. Whenever put in the heat chamber, each box 61 is guided and positioned by a guide 83 having the form of a base free rectangular frame and three support bars 63 of the heat chamber, parallel aligned, made of metal, preferably steel, and supporting the weight of the boxes 61 of the heat chamber. Also, in the heat chamber, parallel to the support bars 63, and at their level, a support plate 36 is incorporated, provided with a slot or slots for fixing the distributor 7 with the hook plate 42. Also, in the heat chamber, parallel to the support bars 63, and at their level, a support plate 36 is incorporated, provided with a slot or slots for fixing the distributor 7 with the hooked plate 42.

[036] The glass doors 75 of the grill, are equipped with heat resistant plastic handles 76 and mounted on the adapted grill with the help of a door hinge 80. The bottom part of the door 75 is equipped with a removable metallic gutter 74 for preventing that the liquid which is thrown onto the glass doors during liquid pouring onto the rotisserie contents, such as meat and vegetables, drips on the floor when the glass doors 75 are opened / closed (see fig. 1 B and Fig. 2).

Information on support bar and spatula bar

[037] With regard to fig. 6A and fig. 6B, the swivelling support bar 10 of the container 4 for liquid transportation, from the liquid recirculation module, ends with cylindrical portions/pin 97 having a diameter corresponding to the interior of the roller chain’s roller links. The end of these cylindrical portions/pins is threaded 98. In this way, the swivelling support bar 10 is mounted on roller chains 13, 14, each cylindrical portion/pin 97 being located within a cavity of a roller link of the roller chain 13, 14. The swivelling support bar 10 is finally fixed with nuts, screwed on threads 98, located at the ends of pins 97, so that the support bar 10 may swivel around the longitudinal axis.

[038] The swivelling support bar 10 is equipped with two passing/guiding holes 103 being at least 1 mm bigger than the diameters of the pin head 33 of pin 30 from handle 34 of container 4 and a cylindrical orifice 107 with a thread for screwing the inclination bar 11. The threaded cylindrical hole 107 is located towards one of the ends, in the area between the plane of the side wall of container 4 and cylindrical portion/pin 97 of the bar 10, and the axis of the threaded cylindrical hole being perpendicular (as shown in fig. 6A and fig. 6B) or inclined at an angle between 90 and 120 degrees clockwise direction, (depending on shape of slider 26, as shown in fig. 2, fig. 1A and 1 B) relative to the longitudinal axes of the passing/guiding holes 103 (as shown in fig. 2, fig. 1A and 1 B).

[039] At the opposite end of the swivelling support bar 10, before the other cylindrical portion/pin 97 of the bar, a ring 106 is fastened, for example, by screwing or welding. On the swivelling support bar 10 slides a shell/cover 99, having the form of the bar. In the example of execution, the support bar 10 is cylindrical and the sliding shell 99 has the form on an empty tube (cylindrical shell), sliding along the support bar 10, and perforated with two circular passing/guiding holes 100 for the pin heads 33, corresponding to passing/guiding holes 103 from swivelling support bar 10. These passing/guiding holes 100 extend in the same direction as two rectangular channels 101 , having their ends rounded, corresponding to pin neck 32 of pin 30, on the handle of the container 4.

[040] The diameter of passing hole 100 is slightly bigger (for example, by 1 mm) than the diameter of the pin head 33, while channel 101 has a length of 1 .5 cm and a width slightly bigger (for example 1 mm) than the diameter of the pin’s neck 32. The sliding shell 99 is also equipped with a channel 122, corresponding to inclination bar 1 1 conditioning/limiting the degrees of freedom of the shell 99. Also, on the swivelling support bar 10 of container 4, between sliding shell 99 and ring 106, there is provided a helical arch 108 pushing the sliding shell towards inclination bar 1 1 . Therefore, the sliding shell 99, locks the two pins 30 secured on the handle of container 4. The sliding shell 99 has, preferably, a protuberance 121 , as presented in fig. 6A, allowing an easier handling for the purpose of assembling/disassembling the container 4 on/from swivelling support bar 10. The swivelling support bar 10 is mounted on roller chains 13, 14, so that it is horizontal.

The swivelling support bar 24 of the liquid homogenizer 29 is mounted on roller chains 13, 14 similarly to swivelling support bar 10.

[041] All the components of the invention are made of stainless steel or other adequate materials for the functional role known by specialized persons and admitted by hygiene-sanitary norms.

Also, for a specialized person skilled in the art, it is obvious that the vertical grill having the described modifications and the vertical liquid recirculation machine may form an integrated construction, i.e. a single machine.